Meaning of Habitat

What is Habitat:

What habitat is called, in ecology, the place whose conditions are suitable for life of an organism, species or community, whether animal or plant.

Habitat comes from the Latin habitatwhich is the third person singular of the present indicative of the verb I will inhabitwhich means ‘live’, ‘dwell’.

As such, the habitat comprises the set of factors related to the physicals conditions (abiotic factors), such as climate, soil, topography, water resources, etc., as well as the organisms or species that develop in it (biotic factors), which create the right environment for life of a series of species, both animal and plant, and which may or may not include the human factor (anthropic factor).

In 1985, the United Nations General Assembly decreed that the first Monday in October would be the world habitat daya propitious date for reflection on the living conditions on the planet and to raise awareness of the need to promote conditions to stimulate a sustainable habitat.

See also:

  • Ecology
  • Sustainable development

human habitat

What human habitat It is designated to the set of factors that influence a place to be inhabitable by the human species. Abiotic conditions, such as climate, temperature or topography, as well as access to food and natural resources necessary for life, to which social and cultural factors should be added, are key to the human habitat.

Initially, the river valleys were the natural settlements of the species: access to natural resources and food (hunting, fishing and gathering), as well as the climate, created favorable conditions for the development of life. Today, the type of habitat can be classified according to the type of dwelling (house, shack, shop, etc.), or the establishment of the human population (cities, towns or villages). In addition, depending on the environment, it can in turn be subdivided into urban or rural habitat.

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The architecturefor its part, takes advantage of the concept of habitat to refer to the conditions that interior spaces must meet to be inhabited by human beings, according to their type of function.

terrestrial habitat

The terrestrial habitat includes that of animals and plants that complete their life cycle in the soil or subsoil. According to abiotic factors, that is, the place where it is located and the environmental conditions to which it gives rise, terrestrial habitats are subdivided into forests, grasslands, savannahs, deserts, mountains, marshes, plateaus, etc.

aquatic habitat

What aquatic habitat it is called that where animals and plants develop in the aquifer medium, be it salty oceanic waters (oceans, seas or lakes) or fresh continental waters (rivers, lakes, lagoons, groundwater, etc.). Depending on the incidence of abiotic factors, such as light intensity, currents, temperature, chemical composition, etc., the habitat will give rise to living conditions for different types of organisms.

Habitat and ecological niche

ecological niche It is a concept of ecology that designates the place and function that each of the species that inhabit it occupies within a habitat. In this sense, the ecological niche refers to the living conditions of an organism or population according to its relationship with all factors, be they biotic (food, be it animal or plant, and other species), abiotic (humidity, temperature, type of soil, altitude, etc. ) or anthropic (human action), in a given habitat.

For example, the rabbit’s niche includes what it eats, the organisms that feed on it, those that live with or near it, and those with which it competes for survival. That is, the ecological niche includes all the interrelationships that the organism can establish with the species with which it lives.

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See also ecological niche.