Meaning of Homo Sapiens

What is Homo sapiens:

The homo sapiens Belongs to order of primates which, in turn, belongs to the family of hominids. The term refers to the human species in line with the evolution of the species. Homo sapiens is a Latin expression that literally means ‘thinking man’ or ‘wise man’.

The homo sapiens is one of the species HomoAs the homo nearhenthalis or the homo erectus. However, she is the only one who has survived. This term includes both the current human being and the so-called “anatomically modern”, which is at least 200,000 years old.

The first historical manifestation of homo sapiens It happened in Upper Paleolithic times. Indeed, the first vestiges of human history were elaborated by it.

This species of homo He was responsible for the first tools made with stones and bone, as well as having created the first artistic manifestations of humanity. The sculptural figurines (Venus of Willendorf, Venus de Lespugue) or the cave paintings of the Altamira caves, in Cantabria, are particularly significant. Likewise, he is attributed to homo sapiens the beginning of magical-religious thought.

See also human.

Features of the homo sapiens

The homo sapiens It has a set of characteristics that define it, among which we can highlight:

  • Greater cranial capacity, between 1500 and 1500 cm3;
  • Enlargement of the forehead;
  • Jaw small;
  • Small teeth;
  • Language development;
  • Self awareness;
  • Ability to associate ideas.
  • Consciousness of death.

In addition, it has in common with other hominids the following characteristics:

  • Five-fingered hands and feet;
  • Opposable thumbs (although the homo sapiens loses opposable toes);
  • Development of both cerebral hemispheres;
  • Clavicles;
  • Nail;
  • stereoscopic vision;
  • Sexual dimorphism (anatomical differentiation of the sexes);
  • bipedal locomotion.
You may be interested:  Meaning of Catalyst

See also:

  • hominid.
  • Primates.