Meaning of Hygiene

What is Hygiene:

Hygiene refers to the care, practices or techniques used for the maintenance of health and the prevention of disease. By extension, hygiene relates to cleaning and grooming of homes and public places. It comes from the French word hygiene.

Although there was already talk of hygiene care in old books like the Koran either the Bibleis the modern medicine which will systematize its practice with the aim of avoid diseases caused by unsanitary conditions, such as infective and epidemic. In this sense, hygiene revolutionized human life in recent centuries, definitively changing the sanitary conditions of human populations, both rural and urban, and significantly lowering mortality.

Today, the concept of hygiene has evolved to such an extent that it is applicable to all areas of human life, such as collective, family, and school hygiene, as well as environmental, water, air, and food hygiene, etc.

Personal hygiene

What personal or individual hygiene are designated the body grooming habits that everyone practices to prevent diseases and stay healthy. Among them we can mention oral hygiene, hand washing, cleaning eyes, ears, face, hair, genital area and feet, as well as regular nail trimming.

See also Cleaning.

public hygiene

The public hygiene It is that relative to the practices and methods of cleanliness and cleanliness of public or common spaces, for which the authorities are responsible.

oral hygiene

oral hygiene is one that involves mouth and teeth carefor the prevention of dental or stomach diseases (such as cavities, gingivitis, tartar or halitosis), for which proper tooth brushing, regular flossing and rinsing are recommended, as well as regular visits to the dentist.

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Industrial hygiene

The Industrial hygiene is made up of the set of methods and techniques that prevent diseases and health risks to which the industry professional is exposed by contact with the physical, chemical or biological environment. It consists of a series of measures that are responsible for recognizing, analyzing and controlling the factors in the work environment that may put the worker’s health at risk.

mental hygiene

What mental hygiene is designated the set of habits and practices that an individual must implement to maintain mental health. Among the habits of adequate mental hygiene are good self-esteem, positive thinking, good management and control of emotions, attention to physical health, the satisfaction of basic needs, such as food and rest, an intellectual life active, as well as moments of leisure, pleasure and socialization. A good one mental health it is key for a balanced social development, which involves the labor, intellectual and interpersonal areas.