Meaning of Iconoclast

What is Iconoclast:

A iconoclastic, in its original sense, is a person who opposes the cult of sacred images. Hence, etymologically, the word, coming from the Greek εἰκονοκλάστης (eikonoklástes), means ‘breaker of images’.

The first time you register a iconoclastic quarrel in history dates from the eighth century, in the Byzantine Empire, when, by resolution of Emperor Leo III the Isauric, the worship of religious images of Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary and other Catholic saints was prohibited. The crisis that this caused was such that the iconoclasts They declared a kind of state of war against Christian images, and persecuted those who venerated them, the so-called iconodules. The ban, however, was lifted at the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea in 787.

Another particularly significant stage of the iconoclasm was the one that was experienced during the process of the conquest in americawhere the images that the American aborigines worshiped were destroyed to be replaced by those imposed by the Catholic religion, and the aborigines were forced to convert to Christianity.

Today, for its part, it is recognized as iconoclastic to that one individual who rejects norms and traditions, which goes against the current of social conventions and established models. In this sense, the iconoclast is a person who reacts critically to his reality, with a controversial and revolutionary attitude.

The artistic vanguards of the early 20th century, for example, were iconoclastic movements in the sense that they critically confronted the artistic canon that preceded them and sought a profound transformation, at the level of forms and procedures, in art practices.

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