Meaning of Iconography

What is Iconography:

The iconography It is a discipline, detached from the History of Art, which is in charge of the study, description, analysis and classification of images about characters, themes or traditions contained in portraits, paintings, altarpieces, statues and monuments, as well as their symbols and attributes.

In addition, he is dedicated to the study of the origin and evolution of images, the use of symbolic resources and their relationships with the allegorical.

What iconography may also be referred to as a treatise or image collection that studies, describes, and analyzes images in relation to their artistic subject matter.

See also History of Art.

As such, the iconography is distinguished from the iconology because while the first deals with the origin and evolution of the themes that are represented in works of art, iconology is in charge of deciphering its meaning and interpreting it.

The word iconography It comes from the Latin iconography, and this in turn from gr. εἰκονογραφία (eikonography), which is made up of the terms εἰκών (eikón), which means ‘image’, and γράφειν (gráfein), which translates ‘writing’.

See also Analysis.

religious iconography

What religious iconography the one dedicated to the study and description of images referring to religious doctrines, their symbols, motifs and characters is known. In this sense, it is constituted by the set of paintings, portraits, sculptures and monuments that are based on themes related to their beliefs, their cosmogony and their vision of the world.

As such, there are many religious iconographies in the world, probably the most familiar to us being the christian iconographythe classical iconography (when attending to Greco-Roman motifs and mythology), and the indigenous or pre-Columbian iconographies (associated with the aboriginal cultures of the American continent and therefore multiple).

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