Meaning of Inbreeding

What is Endogamy:

Inbreeding is a practice whereby a group of individuals rejects or denies the incorporation of individuals outside the group itself. The word, as such, is composed of the prefix endo-which means ‘within’, and -gamywhich means ‘union’.

Endogamy is a behavior or social attitude in which members of other groups are prevented from associating or uniting, either for marriage or for reproduction, with members of a certain group.

In this sense, endogamous groups usually limit the unions or marriages of those in their group taking into account factors such as: having a common ancestry or lineage, belonging to the same social class, having the same religion, being part of the same ethnic group, or be a native of the same geographical area.

In Antiquity, inbreeding was very common for various reasons: to maintain power within the same family (aristocracies, hegemonic groups), to establish alliances with other groups of the same social class (aristocrats, bourgeoisie), or to maintain the purity of a supposed race.

inbreeding in biology

According to biology and genetics, inbreeding is the crossing between individuals of the same race, community or population that is isolated both geographically and genetically. In an inbred cross, the chances of having offspring affected by recessive traits or genetic impairments are increased.

Inbreeding and exogamy

Outbreeding is the opposite of inbreeding. In this sense, it constitutes the practice of associating or establishing marriage unions between people of different ancestry, social, ethnic, religious or geographical groups. Biology, for its part, considers that exogamy is the crossing between individuals of different races, communities or populations, the result of which is an increasingly heterogeneous offspring at the genetic level.

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