Meaning of Independence

What is Independence:

Independence is the ability to act, do and choose without outside intervention or guardianship. It is the opposite of dependency and applies both to people and to formal institutions, such as the State.

With independence, freedom is exercised, since one acts on one’s own account, but it also implies making decisions and assuming responsibility for their consequences.

Political independence is the capacity of a State to exercise its political, economic and administrative freedom without depending on other States or formal institutions.

States usually achieve independence after long historical processes that involve the merger between States, decolonization or the separation of territories from a central power.

On a personal level, independence is the ability to act, make decisions and stand up for ourselves. Hence, independence also means integrity, firmness of character.

Independence comes from the Latin I will be independentwhich means “not to be under the will of others”.

political independence

As political independence is known the process in which the formation or restoration of a country occurs after separating or emancipating from another of which it was a part. Sometimes independences are achieved through revolutions or wars of independence.

It is a political concept that arises as a reaction to European colonialism in the American continent. It first appeared in the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776.

This movement spread to the rest of America and promoted the independence of Haiti from France. It also influenced the independence of the countries politically dominated by Spain, from Mexico, through Venezuela, Colombia and Peru, to Argentina and Chile.

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Currently, independence is also linked to the principle of non-intervention and the right of self-determination of peoples.

Depending on the conditions of union or separation of the territories, independence can be of various types:

  • union and fusion: when two or more States come together to create a new political-territorial entity. Like the merger of the British colonies into the Union of South Africa, in 1910.
  • Decolonization: when a State ceases its domain in a territory in which it exercised its power. For example, when India became independent from the British empire in 1947.
  • Dissolution: when a state ceases to exist and new states are formed from it, as happened with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Secession: when a territory is separated from the State of which it is a part, without its approval. An example is Northern Cyprus, independent since 1983.
  • Separation: when a territory is separated from the State of which it is a part, with the approval of the latter. This is the case of Montenegro, separated from Serbia since 2006.

Others examples of political independence in the world are:

  • Mexico’s independence: became independent from Spain in 1821
  • Independence of Colombia: became independent from Spain in 1819
  • Argentine Independence: emancipated from the Spanish empire in 1825.
  • Independence of venezuela: It proclaimed its independence from Spain in 1811 and was officially emancipated in 1823, when they finally defeated royalist forces.
  • Independence of Peru: is an independent nation since 1821.
  • Independence of Chile: In 1826 the National Government Board was established, which consolidated its independence from the Spanish.
  • Independence of the United States: managed to become a free nation from British rule in 1783.
  • Haitian Independence: They became independent from France in 1803, after the African slaves defeated the French colonizers.
  • Independence of India: Emancipated from British rule in 1947 thanks to the non-violent civil disobedience movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • independence of south africa: They separated from British rule in 1961, but it was in 1994 when they had their first democratic elections, in which Nelson Mandela was the winner.
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personal independence

As personal independence is called that in which an individual is able to fend for himself, make his own decisions and have a certain degree of economic independence.

In this sense, independence begins by abandoning the protection of parents in terms of housing, food and shelter.

Personal independence is associated with adult life, and with the individual’s ability to assume their responsibilities without resorting to help from anyone else.

examples of independence

Independence is a quality of people and institutions that can manifest itself at different levels: political, personal, psychological, economic or institutional. In all cases, it refers to the freedom to act freely in each of the areas indicated.

psychological independence

Psychological independence is that which a person manifests in the freedom to act and choose without depending on other people, or paying attention to pressure or obligations.

A psychologically independent person avoids any kind of compulsory relationship, is able to make decisions, do and act on their own without giving control of their lives to other people.

Economic independence

Economic independence is the ability of a person to generate and manage their financial resources efficiently, without requiring external help to finance their expenses.

An economically independent person has at least one income that allows them to pay their daily expenses, save, spend and invest, without the need to request external help (loans, credits, donations, etc.).

institutional independence

It is the capacity of a State to produce the goods necessary for its subsistence, avoiding the possibility of depending on other States or international institutions.

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In States where there are armed conflicts and it is necessary to resort to international aid to obtain food or medical assistance, there is no institutional independence.

Difference Between Independence and Autonomy

Although they are often used synonymously, independence and autonomy refer to two different capacities. Independence implies a degree of absolute freedom to make decisions. Autonomy, on the other hand, is the ability to act with a wide margin of freedom, but with some restrictions.

An independent person can decide the terms in which he wants to live his life and act to achieve it. An autonomous person can make decisions but cannot always execute them. This is the case of people with some physical or cognitive disability.

An independent State has full authority over its territory, its institutions and its citizens, without requiring the interference of another State or entity. While an autonomous territory or institution may have the freedom to make decisions, but always depending on a central power.

  • Mexico Independence Day.
  • Freedom.
  • Autonomy.
  • Republic.
  • Constitution.
  • Sovereignty