Meaning of Inferiority Complex

What is Inferiority Complex:

It is called an inferiority complex feeling that some people experience and by which they feel inferior or less capable than others.

The inferiority complex was raised and developed by the psychotherapist Alfred Adler at the beginning of the 20th century, founder of the school of individual psychology.

Inferiority complex refers to a advanced state of low self-esteem, avoidance of difficulties, insecurity and discouragementas a result of having a wrong image of who we are.

Inferiority complex symptoms

A person with an inferiority complex considers that their defects are greater than those of others and they forget that all human beings have strengths and weaknesses in various areas or activities that differentiate them and, in general, no individual is superior or inferior to them. other.

For this reason, an individual with an inferiority complex unconsciously feels less intelligent and capable, considers that they have a low social and economic status, that they are unattractive, among others. Consequently, devalues ​​their abilities and strengthens the feeling of frustration.

A complex is a distorted image and idea that the individual has about himself that, although it is false, believes it to be true and acts under that parameter of inferiority and devaluation or, on the contrary, makes an arduous effort to demonstrate that he is not inferior to others. those around them.

In addition, those who experience the inferiority complex tend to do what others ask of them, without making any complaints, even if they do not agree with what they should do.

Inferiority complex factors

The inferiority complex can originate in childhood or adolescence in cases where children or adolescents have experienced verbal or physical abuse, have been treated with contempt or have been mocked, among others.

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These situations can negatively affect the self-esteem and emotional structure of the person.

However, the psychologist Adler also mentioned that the education provided by parents at home may be one of the factors that generate the inferiority complex. Adler highlighted three types of education that are: very authoritarian education, excessively consenting education and overprotective education.

Superiority complex

The superiority complex is a mechanism or unconscious response that the individual uses in order to counteract the inferiority complex, which is why he takes positions or actions in which he exaggerates his abilities or qualities.

People who have a superiority complex tend to take arrogant, arrogant postures and attitudes, they are proud people who seek to be recognized at all times and tend to belittle others.

See also Complex.