Meaning of Intersex

What is Intersex:

Intersex is known as person who presents a natural variation that affects their sexual organs, genetic and anatomical characteristicsso it can have, to different degrees, both masculine and feminine characteristics combined.

When a baby is born with intersex genitalia it becomes difficult for doctors to assign a sex. For example, it can be mentioned when a baby is born with female sexual organs, but the ovaries or uterus were not formed inside.

It can also happen that the newborn shows a sexual organ, whose size and shape is confused with a clitoris or penis that has not fully developed.

In this sense, intersex people were born without their masculine or feminine physical traits being fully definedwhich may or may not coincide with your internal sexual organs.

For this reason, many do not know that they are intersex until puberty begins and the segregation of male or female hormones begins, although their sexual organs seem to correspond to the opposite genes. There are those who can reach adulthood without knowing that they are intersex.

Therefore, intersexuality affects the formation of sexual organs, genitalia, hormonal segregation, musculature, as well as other masculine and feminine traits.

It is important to know that The term hermaphrodite should not be used as a synonym for intersex.which corresponds to a characteristic of organisms that have both genders, that is, both male and female.

Scientists and specialists have also begun to name these sexual variations as Disorders of Sexual Development, in English Disorders of Sex Developmentknown by the acronym DSD.

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See also:

  • Hermaphrodite.
  • Pansexual.

intersex states

Intersex is more common than is believed. There are four intersex states that affect both the genotype and the phenotype of individuals and can be grouped into four categories.

Intersex 46, XY

46, XY intersexuality or testicular feminization occurs in men. It is characterized by the presence of male chromosomes and the presence of female genitalia, therefore the male phenotype does not fully develop and inhibits the female phenotype.

It can have various causes, among which androgen insensitivity syndrome stands out, a type of resistance to the functioning of male hormones. Other causes are the malformation of the testicles and a reduced production of testosterone.

Intersex 46, XX

XX, female intersex occurs when an individual has female chromosomes, but their external genitalia are male in appearance.

It occurs during the formation of the female fetus, in these cases there is a high exposure to male hormones, the uterus and ovaries are formed, but the vagina and clitoris have a masculine appearance and are similar to a penis.

Its causes include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, which causes excessive androgen secretion and a high cortisol deficit.

true intersex

The intersex individual has both ovarian and testicular tissue. That is, under a testicle there may be an ovary completely or incompletely. Also, both gonads can share tissue that derives from an ovary and a testicle called ovotestis.

In this sense, a person can present chromosomes XX, XY or both. Hence, the external genitalia cannot be defined as male or female. Its causes are unknown.

Complex or undetermined intersex

In these cases, the intersex person has a chromosome configuration other than 46, XX or 46, XY. For example:

  • 45, XO: total or partial absence of an X chromosome, affects females.
  • 47,XXY: Chromosomal mutation in which there is an extra X chromosome, affects men.
  • 47,XXX: Chromosomal mutation in which there is an extra X chromosome, affects men.
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See also Chromosomes.