Meaning of Judaism

What is Judaism:

Judaism was the first monotheistic religion in the history of mankind (more than three thousand years), and it is one of the great Abrahamic religions along with Christianity and Islam. The word Judaism is of Greek origin. iudaisms what does jewish mean

The God of the Jews has the name Yahweh. However, according to Jewish tradition, God made a pact with the Hebrews, being the chosen people who would enjoy the promised land, that pact was made with Abraham and his descendants, it was strengthened with the relief of the divine laws to Moses (belonging to the Israelite people of Israel) on Mount Sinai.

For Judaism, the Torah is the law, its authorship is attributed to Moses and narrates the Origin of the World, apart from the revelation of the Commandments and Divine Laws. The term Torah includes all the books of the Hebrew Bible and the Israelites usually call it Tanach. Both the Torah and the Tanakh constitute the Old Testament for Christians, since Judaism does not recognize the deuterocanonical books or the New Testament as its own.

On the other hand, the synagogue, the Jewish temple, fulfills the function of gathering the faithful for the practice of reading the sacred texts, under the guidance of a priest, called a Rabbi, who does not necessarily have a different social status that gives him privileges. Also, it can be affirmed that Judaism is not a homogeneous religion, so that we can divide it into:

  • Orthodox: They consider the Torah as an immutable source of divine knowledge, but they do not strictly follow the commandments or laws.
  • Ultra-Orthodox: they preserve traditions that strictly follow the sacred laws.
  • Conservatives: they have moderate and reformist attitudes and interpretations.
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Messianic Judaismdates back to the Hebrew-Christian movements in England, in the 20th century, and was revitalized in the United States in the mid-20th century, its objective was the evangelization of the Jewish people, and it differs from traditional or orthodox Judaism, they admit the New Testament and recognizes Jesus Christ as Messiah.

Some of the most prominent Jews in history can be mentioned: Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, Moses, among others.

Origin of Judaism

Judaism began when Abraham was ordered by God to abandon polytheism and migrate to Canaan (Palestine), in the middle of 1800 BC From his grandson, Jacob, came the twelve founding sons of the twelve tribes that constitute the Jewish people, who were enslaved in Egypt until being liberated by Moses, in 1300 BC

Later, under the reign of Solomon, son of David, the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah arose. Those kingdoms would disappear to the Babylonian Empire, in the first century, to the Romans. It is in 1948, after the Holocaust that killed millions of Jews during World War II, that Judaism would be strengthened again, with the creation of the state of Israel, which endures to this day.

For more information, see the articles:

  • Hanukkah
  • Holocaust
  • antisemitism
  • Mazel tov.

Foundations of Judaism

  • The liturgical language is Hebrew, by which the Torah and other holy books are written.
  • Judaism is based on the Tanakh, its first five books are collectively called the Torah or Pentateuch, which means teachings or instruction.
  • Reincarnation and the idea of ​​the holy trinity go against the strict monotheism of Judaism. Just as, idolatry is the greatest sin of Judaism.
  • The most emphatic prayer, embodied in the fifth and last book of the Torah is “Hey, Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One”, recited by believers twice a day, in morning and night prayers.
  • The Jewish symbol is the Star of David, par excellence it represents in a general way, the union of the energy of the sky together with the energy of the earth.
  • Some of the Jewish sacraments are: circumcision, performed on male newborns, marriage, mourning, Bat Mitzvah -for women- and Bar Mitzvah -for men- personal maturity is recognized and is considered responsible for their actions, marriage and mourning (Shiv’á).
  • The most important dates stand out: Easter, when the liberation of the Jewish people in Egypt (1300 BC) is commemorated, Shabat (Saturday) the most special days of the Jewish religion, since they are reserved for spirituality.
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See also the Star of David article.