Meaning of Legitimacy

What is Legitimacy:

Legitimacy refers to the quality or condition of legitimate. What is legitimate, on the other hand, is what is in accordance with the laws and, therefore, is lawful.

Likewise, by extension, the adjective legitimate to refer to the validity or truth of a matter or thing. As such, the word derives from the Latin legitimateand is composed with the suffix “-dad”, which means quality.

In this sense, legitimacy is a term associated with Political Science, Law and Philosophy, which designates what is in accordance with what the legal system expresses.

The legitimacy It occurs when what the laws command or what an authority dictates is obeyed.

For this, the issued norm must have the attributes of validity, justice and efficacy, which imply that the law is promulgated by a competent body or authority; is fair, reasonable and equitable; and that citizens follow it, abide by it and comply with it.

When someone is endowed with legitimacyhas the ability to perform a public function that implies exercising power, commanding and being obeyed.

The legitimacyas such, implies the recognition, by others, that a person is invested with public authority to hold a state office.

Legitimacy and legality

Legitimacy is a concept associated with politics and the exercise of powers and public authority, while legality is a term relating to the field of law that refers to what is legal.

On the one hand, the legitimacy is obtained through a series of rules and procedures that endow certain officials with public authority and mandate, while the legality it is the entire legal system on which the political organization of a State is based, hence the exercise of power is subject to the legal system.

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In this sense, when legitimately obtained power violates the laws, it automatically loses legitimacy.

See also the meaning of Legality.

political legitimacy

The political legitimacy it is obtained, within a State, by complying with the series of regulations and procedures that give authority to the command and management of officials or the occupants of a public office within the political organization of a nation or jurisdiction.

The opposite, the illegitimacywould result in a crisis of legitimacy that would lead to a political crisissince citizens, unaware of the legitimacy of those who exercise political power, would be impelled not to recognize or obey their mandate either.

legitimacy of power

A can it is legitimate when he has the power to command and be obeyed. For its legitimacy, power has to comply with a set of rules and procedures, as well as go through a series of instances that will endow it with authority before its governed.

In Political Science, legitimacy implies the ethical justification of the origin of power, hence, in our modern political systems, the democracy be the legitimating authority par excellence of power.

However, old political systems, such as the monarchyargue that the king’s power derives from divine will.

See also the meaning of Power.

State legitimacy

A Condition enjoy legitimacy when among the members of the political community, the social factors and the citizens that comprise it, there is a sufficiently broad and solid consensus to agree to abide by its order, its institutions, its laws and its authority.

See also the meaning of State.

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