Meaning of Linguistics

What is Linguistics:

What linguistics is called the discipline dedicated to language study. The word, as such, comes from the French linguisticsand this in turn linguistwhich means ‘linguist’.

The linguistics has as purpose the study, description and explanation of language understood as an autonomous sign system. As such, it is a science that can study language in a general sense, focused on its nature and the guidelines that govern it, or in a particular way, oriented to the study of specific languages. Likewise, linguistics addresses aspects associated with the evolution of language and its internal structure, among other things.

The linguistics It also studies language at different levels: phonetic-phonological, morphological, syntactic, lexical and semantic. Likewise, he analyzes it from its realization in speech through the disciplines of pragmatics and textual linguistics.

The Swiss linguist is considered Ferdinand de Saussure as the father of modern linguistics; it was he who first theorized with scientific rigor about language and tried to define the object of study of linguistics.

The foundations of the saussurean theory of language are collected in the General linguistics course, a book that brings together the lessons dictated by the linguist, compiled by two of his disciples. His postulates are characterized by being based on the observation of the facts for their subsequent theoretical formulation and experimental verification, using the inductive method of investigation.

The observations collected in the courses of Saussure were the basis of the linguistic studies developed by different schools and circles from the twentieth century, which in turn gave rise to different methods, positions and ways of understanding the linguistic fact. Some of the most important are the structuralistthe generativist and the functionalistamong other.

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Linguistics either linguistic It can also be used as an adjective that serves to refer to something that belongs to or is related to linguistics or language.

See also Structuralism.

Applied Linguistics

What applied Linguistics It is called one that uses theories, methods and knowledge of linguistics to solve problems related to the use of language. Hence, it is widely used to optimize the processes of acquiring new languages.

text linguistics

The text linguistics either textual linguistics It is a branch of linguistics whose object is the study of the text, its cohesion, its coherence, and the specific characteristics that convert a verbal communicative act into a text, in addition, it seeks to analyze and classify the structures that govern them. In this sense, textual linguistics stands above the study of the sentence.

Computational linguistics

In ComputingWhat computational linguistics It is called the one that, through computer procedures, is used for the treatment of linguistic issues in an artificial intelligence environment, as well as for the development of language assistance programs for the user of a computer.

Diachronic and synchronic linguistics

The diachronic linguistics or evolutionary It is the one that studies, describes and explains the transformations suffered by a language through time. Hence it is known as historical linguistics.

through the evolutionary linguistics, for example, one can study the tree theory of Indo-European languages. On its side, the synchronous linguistics is one whose object of study is the state of a language at a specific moment in time.

general linguistics

What general linguistics It is called the one that includes the theoretical and methodological aspects of the study of language.

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