Meaning of Lobotomy

Summary of Contents

What is Lobotomy:

Lobotomy is a psychosurgery which consists of cutting nerve fibers from the brain whose most common procedure is the introduction of a piercing tool to reach the frontal lobe of the brain through the eye socket.

The history of the lobotomy begins around the year 1880 when the psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt he operates frontal lobes in his patients for the cure of mental disorders.

The lobotomy was not very successful until the Portuguese neurologist António Egas Moniz gave it notoriety by being awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1949 for his prefrontal lobotomy technique for the treatment of mental and emotional disorders such as depression and schizophrenia.

The diffusion of lobotomy throughout the world in the ’30s and ’40s is due to the diffusion of the technique since the first surgery in the United States by the American neurologist Walter Freeman in the year 1936.

After performing thousands of lobotomies, or also called leucotomythe technique began to lose popularity in the ’50s due to its low success rate and the introduction of chemical lobotomy in patients through more effective psychiatric medications.


Lobotomy should not be confused with the current lobectomy, which is a surgery generally used to stop cancer cells by removing all or part of the lobe of an organ, whether lung, thyroid, brain or liver.


Trephination is an ancient technique dating from Neolithic times that consists of perforation of the skull with the belief that it cured some diseases by letting out evil spirits.

You may be interested:  Cell Types