Meaning of Malnutrition

What is Malnutrition:

malnutrition is one disease that is the product of an inadequate dietwhich does not allow the absorption of the nutrients necessary to maintain the balance of the organism, this occurs when food is not eaten and the lack of consumption of these causes the body of a person to spend more caloric energy than it consumes.

There are many symptoms suffered by people who are malnourished, but among the most outstanding we can mention: fatigue, dizziness and weight loss, in addition to these other very delicate symptoms that can lead to the death of a person .

Malnutrition is a disease caused by a lack of fuel and protein consumption. necessary for an organism to function properly, this disease is associated with the death of infants and children in developing countries.

It is one of the most common diseases that exist and is closely linked to the lack of resources necessary to buy and consume the necessary food to have an adequate and balanced diet that allows the correct functioning of the organism.

See also Nutrition.

malnutrition and malnutrition

The term malnutrition is often confused with the word malnutrition, however, they are not the same, the word malnutrition refers to the absence of food intake, thus the absence of calories and protein, while malnutrition It is associated with the deficiency, excess or imbalance in the intake of one or more nutrients that the body requires.

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Causes of malnutrition

The main and most common cause is the lack of food intake, which leads the body to spend more energy than the food it consumes, however, there are environmental, social and political circumstances that can affect a person’s malnutrition , as well as medical pathologies that produce non-absorption, or poor absorption of the necessary nutrients.

In the first group we can mention famines, wars, armed conflicts, population displacements, droughts, plagues, as well as, the most relevant of all, poverty, as can be observed specifically in African countries, except for South Africa, and developing countries of Latin America.

Within the second we find anorexia, bulimia, celiac disease, depression, gastrointestinal problems. Malnutrition can lead to two diseases: the first is kwashiorkor, which is caused by insufficient protein in the diet, and the second is marasmus, which causes excessive weakness due to a lack of total caloric intake in the diet.

Malnutrition can occur even in the gestation of the fetus, which can complicate the normal development of the pregnancy, and which can cause the baby to be born with very low weight, be a sickly child, very prone to infections, weak and with problems of intellectual and learning development.

Consequences of malnutrition

Malnutrition can lead to several health problems, among which we can name, the condition of the person’s heart, since it loses muscles which makes it have weak beats generating heart failure that can lead to death.

It affects the immune system, makes it weak and makes the person prone to many diseases, as well as infections, due to the lack of white blood cells in the body as a result of the lack of food intake, which makes the person is sick and that diseases are difficult to cure, as well as affecting healing since it makes it much slower.

The person may suffer from learning problems, memory retention and proper intellectual development. In the same way, an anemic condition can be generated in the person, which directly affects the person’s blood.

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Prevention of malnutrition

The easiest way to prevent malnutrition is through adequate consumption of food and calories that generate nutrients and energy that the body and the organism need for proper functioning and development. It is important to maintain an adequate and balanced diet that allows us to provide everything that the body needs, both calories, energy and fat to avoid malnutrition.

In pregnant women it is important to eat all the necessary nutrients, to be well fed, as well as to take additional vitamins that can be absorbed by the baby.

Babies, children and adolescents must be well fed, as well as benefit from the service of a pediatrician who monitors growth values, specifically height and weight, to verify that growth is at normal levels for their age. All this must be accompanied by the consumption of milk in the little ones and improve their diet and nutrition depending on their age.

Maintaining an adequate, balanced diet and in some cases a healthy diet, makes the body achieve a bodily balance that improves people’s quality of life and prevents problems and diseases such as malnutrition.