Meaning of Medicine

What is medicine:

Medicine is the ‘science of healing’ or practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing any disease, infection, or ailment. Medicine is also synonymous with medicine either remedy.

medicineMedicine originates from the Latin medicine, as a profession, which in turn derives from the Latin word doctorWhat does it mean medical. Medicine is also referred to as a health Science.

Modern medicine includes several areas of science and practice that include the following divisions within the science of health:

  • Clinical practice
  • biomedical research
  • Medicines
  • Surgery
  • Medical instruments
  • Alternative medicine
  • Psychotherapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Nursing
  • midwives

See also:

  • Health.
  • Medicine symbol.

The study of medicine encompasses several branches of knowledge. Some of his specializations are:

  • The anatomy: study of the physical structure of the body;
  • biochemistry: study of the chemical components that are in the body;
  • biomechanics: study of how the biological system is structured and functions;
  • biostatistics: use of statistics in the biological field, especially in research;
  • biophysics: integrated use of the models of physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology for the understanding of our biological systems;
  • cytology: is a branch of pathology that studies cells microscopically;
  • embryology: a branch of biology that studies the formation, growth, and development of organisms;
  • endocrinology: study of hormones and their impact on our body;
  • epidemiology: studies the causes, distribution and control of diseases;
  • pharmacology: study of pharmaceutical drugs or pharmaceutical drugs;
  • physiology: study of how living organisms live, feed, move and reproduce;
  • The genetic: study of genes;
  • microbiology: study of microorganisms. Included in this branch of knowledge are bacteriology (bacteria), virology (viruses), mycology (fungi) and parasitology (parasites);
  • neuroscience: study of the nervous system and the brain. Included in this branch of knowledge are diseases of the nervous system, computational modeling; cognitive neuroscience, cellular neuroscience and molecular neuroscience;
  • The nutrition: the study of how food and drink affect our health;
  • pathology: studies diseases;
  • radiology: the use of radiation to diagnose and cure diseases;
  • toxicology: study of the effect of poisons on the body and how to detect them; among others.
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The standardization and discussion of ethical issues in medicine and health are studied and promoted by bioethics.

See also Bioethics.