Meaning of Metacognition

What is Metacognition:

The metacognition It is the ability to self-regulate learning processes. As such, it involves a set of intellectual operations associated with knowledge, control and regulation of the cognitive mechanisms involved in a person collecting, evaluating and producing information, in short: learning.

the word metacognition is a neologism composed of the words “cognition”, from the Latin cognitive, cognitioniswhich translates ‘knowledge’, and the compositional element “meta-“, which comes from the Greek μετα- (meta-), which means ‘about’.

In this sense, the metacognitionaccording to the most knowledgeable authors, refers to the action and effect of reasoning on one’s own reasoning or, in other words, of developing awareness and control over thought and learning processes.

All this implies that the person is capable of understanding the way in which he thinks and learns and, in this way, apply that knowledge about these processes to obtain better results.

In this way, the metacognition It is a very useful tool to improve intellectual skills, optimize learning processes, and even facilitate the execution of daily tasks, as simple as, for example, making a decision.

Metacognition according to John Flavell

Within psychology, studies on metacognition They date from the 1970s, when the John Flavell he coined the term from his research on the cognitive processes of people.

In his observations, Flavell determined that people needed to employ a higher level of thinking that pays attention to other intellectual processes to correct errors, optimize cognitive mechanisms and improve the implementation of strategies for the execution of tasks.

The importance of metacognition, in this sense, would be that its domain would allow us to self-manage and control our learning processes, improve their efficiency, optimize them.

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See also Psychology.

Metacognition in Education

In the area of ​​Education, the acquisition of tools for the development of metacognitive skills favors the development of critical thinking, stimulates the capacity for self-reflection and creates in the student an awareness of autonomy, self-control and self-regulation of learning processes.

Furthermore, the domain of metacognition It provides them with the possibility of developing their own thinking, which transcends the formal interpretations of the study program.