Meaning of Methodology

What is Methodology:

As a methodology it is called the series of methods and techniques of scientific rigor that are applied systematically during a research process to reach a theoretically valid result. In this sense, the methodology works as the conceptual support that governs the way in which we apply the procedures in an investigation.

The word, as such, comes from the Greek μέθοδος (méthodos), which means ‘method’, and the suffix -logía, which derives from λóγος (lógos) and translates ‘science, study, treatise’. Hence, it is also defined as the science of method.

We can find methodology in different areas of study, such as didactic methodology in Education, or legal in Law, in the same way as for the problem solving determined, we can apply a series of specific steps that, in short, work as a methodology.

Investigation methodology

The investigation methodology It is a knowledge discipline in charge of elaborating, defining and systematizing the set of techniques, methods and procedures that must be followed during the development of a research process for the production of knowledge.

It guides the way in which we are going to focus an investigation and the way in which we are going to collect, analyze and classify the data, with the objective that our results have validity and relevance, and comply with the standards of scientific demand.

The investigation methodologyin this sense, is also the part of a investigation project where the criteria adopted in the choice of the methodologybe this quantitative either qualitative.

See also:

  • Investigation methodology.
  • Research protocol.
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Quantitative methodology

The quantitative methodology is the one used by the natural or factual scienceswhich is worth quantifiable data to which it accesses by observation and measurement.

For its analysis, it proceeds through the use of statistics, the identification of constant variables and patterns. His method of reasoning is deductive, for which he works based on a representative sample of the studied universe.

qualitative methodology

The qualitative methodology is that used to address an investigation within the field of social sciences and humanities.

As such, it focuses on all those aspects that cannot be quantified, that is, its results cannot be transferred to mathematics, so that it is a rather interpretive, subjective procedure, in contrast to the quantitative methodology.

His method of reasoning is inductive: it goes from the particular to the universal. Where appropriate, the data is accessed for analysis and interpretation through direct observation, interviews or documents.

Learning methodology

The learning methodology It is a discipline that includes a series of techniques, methods and strategies that, systematically implemented, contribute to optimizing the acquisition of new knowledge and skills.

Factors such as the organization of time (study schedules), the conditioning of the study place, concentration, comprehension, interest, memory, clarity of thought, note taking, good reading habits, revision and Exam preparation are all aspects that, when applied with methodological rigor, improve learning abilities and school performance. In short, it is the art of learning to learn.