Meaning of Motivation

What is Motivation:

The motivation it is the action and effect of motivating. It is the motive or reason that causes the performance or omission of an action. It is a psychological component that guides, maintains and determines the behavior of a person. It is formed with the Latin word motives (‘movement’) and the suffix -tion (‘action’, ‘effect’).

types of motivation

Sometimes different types of motivation are established depending on the source or origin of the stimulus. In the achievement motivation, in which the mechanism that promotes action is to achieve a certain objective. The membership motivation It implies the search for security and belonging to a group. The competition motivation It not only seeks to achieve an established objective, but also seeks to do it in the best possible way. In Psychology, we usually distinguish between two types of motivation depending on where the stimulus comes from: intrinsic motivation Y extrinsic motivation.

Intrinsic motivation

In intrinsic motivation, the person begins or performs an activity due to internal incentives, for the pleasure of doing it. The satisfaction of doing something or getting it is not determined by external factors. It is related, therefore, to personal self-satisfaction and self-esteem. For example, there are people who do physical exercise because they enjoy the activity.

extrinsic motivation

In extrinsic motivation, the stimulus or incentive that moves a person to carry out an activity comes from outside, it is an external incentive and it does not come from the task itself. It works as a booster. For example, when a person performs physical exercise not for the mere fact of enjoying doing it, but for social or other reasons.

Personal motivation

In Psychology, there are various theories that establish and classify the elements that move a person to do something or stop doing it. In many cases, a person’s motivation is determined by needs, as established in the so-called ‘Maslow pyramid’. Likewise, motivation is strongly influenced by the satisfaction of performing a task or achieving a certain goal, but also by the incentives that carrying out or not carrying out a certain behavior may entail.

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See also Maslow’s Pyramid.

work motivation

Work motivation is one that is related to the field of work. Some examples may be economic remuneration, vacation days, social status and the actual completion and performance of the task. In this case, it is important for the person to find intrinsic factors in the development of the tasks of a job.

sports motivation

In the world of sport, especially at a high level, motivation is essential, since in many cases to achieve certain goals the body has to push enormous effort limits. Self-improvement, competitiveness and the reward that can be obtained from achieving a goal move athletes in many cases. In many cases, intrinsic motivation is conditioned by the very logic of sport and high competition and athletes must also work on the mental component. For example, in long-term cycling events in which a great effort is required, it is possible that athletes who enjoy cycling and climbing mountain passes lose that type of motivation when the level of demand is higher.