Meaning of Neologism

What is Neologism:

What neologism is known a word, a meaning or a new turn that is introduced in a language, by necessity or by fashion. The word, as such, is composed with the prefix neo-, which indicates the quality of ‘new’; the Greek word λόγος (lógos), which means ‘word’, and the suffix -ism.

neologisms arise due to the need to designate new realitiesobjects or concepts that begin to form part, at a certain moment, of the linguistic universe of a language.

Neologisms are usually introduced through specialized languages, mainly those of a scientific and technical nature. Technology, with its advances and discoveries, also contributes to this. For their part, the main diffusers of neologisms are the media.

There are neologisms that, in the opinion of many, are unnecessary, since there are words in the language itself to replace them, such as ‘smart phone’ instead of smartphone. While there are also those that are extremely necessary, such as hard drive, laptop, etc.

On the other hand, it is important to point out that compound words of the language itself, such as augmentatives, diminutives, superlatives, adverbs ending in -mente, as well as words formed with the prefix ex-, or abbreviations, should not be considered as neologisms.

formation of neologisms

Neologisms can be formed in different ways. Mainly, they arise by composition, by derivation, as a loan from other languages ​​or by mere invention or popular creation, among others.

  • by composition: are words that are formed from the union of two or more words previously existing in the language. For example: multiarea, ecosocialism, cyberterrorism, euroregion.
  • By referral: are the words that appear as a derivation of neologisms. Thus, for example, chat would be derived from chat, chat.
  • By parasynthesis: are those words that combine composition and derivation at the same time. For example: beggar, middle class.
  • by acronym: are those words that are formed with the initials of several words. For example: UFO, which comes from the acronym for Unidentified Flying Object (UFO).
  • by loan: are words from other languages ​​that we adapt to our language to designate new realities: soccer, whiskey, laptop, blog, hypertext.
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See also Technicality.