Meaning of Obesity

What is Obesity:

Obesity is known as over weight. For its part, the World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity and overweight as a abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can harm the health of the individual.

Obesity is characterized by the increase in masses to the point that it can be detrimental to the health of the individual, to the point of becoming a public health problem, it has been a point of discussion in the legislative field to be recognized and treated by the State, in order to pay the waivers as it does with other diseases.

Nevertheless, obesity can be treated through a balanced diet and practice of physical exercises. Although, there are other types of obesity such as morbid obesity that a stomach reduction surgery is recommended.

On the other hand, the term obese is the adjective that refers to the person who has too much fat.

The word obesity is of Latin origin. obese.

See also Food.

childhood obesity

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious problems of the 21st century, in which it is due to the excess consumption of food that the body needs for activity and growth. Formerly, a chubby child was synonymous with being in good health, but this idea was rejected by experts indicating that the only important thing is that the child is healthy. Additional calories are stored in adipocytes for later use, which is why it is important to calculate the Body Mass Index, and consult the pediatrician.

Obesity and overweight

Obesity and overweight are caused by a lack of energy balance, the ideal is that the energy ingested from food is equal to that spent through physical activities. The body mass index (BMI) is an indicator of the relationship between height and weight, helping to identify the overweight or obesity of an individual. BMI = weight / height²

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In reference to this point, the WHO points out the following:

  • A BMI equal to or greater than 25 determines overweight.
  • A BMI equal to or greater than 30 determines obesity.

Therefore, grade I obesity with BMI 30-34 Kg/m2, grade II obesity with BMI 35-39.9 Kg/m2 and grade III obesity with BMI greater than 40 Kg/m2.

See also Overweight.

Causes of obesity

Obesity is labeled as an eating disorder caused by various factors such as genetic, environmental, psychological, metabolic, endocrinological. When referring to environmental factors, excessive food consumption is indicated, and a decrease in physical activity to sedentary habits that the individual currently endures, these being the main causes. On the other hand, there are other causes of obesity such as stress, worries, hormonal disturbances.

Consequences of obesity

  • Diabetes.
  • Cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.
  • Respiratory diseases.
  • Some types of cancer.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Psychological problems, because they suffer from low self-esteem, feeling fear of work, social, and affective failure. However, they face bullying, so they tend to be harassed and teased by other people, especially children by their schoolmates.

symptoms of obesity

  • Weight gain.
  • Difficulty breathing, so that sometimes and even when sleeping, the individual suffers from choking or suffocation.
  • Pain in the lower back area, and aggravation of osteoarthritis, especially in the hips, knees, and ankles.
  • Excessive sweat.
  • sleepiness or fatigue throughout the day
  • gastric problems
  • Cardiovascular problems.
  • Lack of mobility.
  • Skin disorders.
  • Depression.

types of obesity

  • Exogenous obesitycaused by the habits of the individual, especially by their excessive eating and lack of physical activity.
  • Endogenous obesityIt is a consequence of endocrine or pathological problems. For example: thyroid, insulinomia, among others.
  • android obesity, is characterized by excess fat in the abdomen. With this type of obesity, the body takes the shape of an apple, with men more likely to suffer from it than women, although there are exceptions.
  • Morbid obesity or severe obesity is characterized by a body mass index of 40 or greater, accompanied by other diseases, serious disability or handicap due to the disease.
  • gynoid obesity, is identified by excess fat in the lower part of the body. The body is pear-shaped, being more common in women than men.
  • hyperplasticis characterized by an increase in adipose cells.
  • hypertrophicIncreased volume of adipocytes.
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