Meaning of Occupational Psychology

What is Occupational Psychology:

What occupational psychology either Psychology of work and organizations It designates the branch of psychology, located within social psychology, which studies the behavior of people in the work environment.

In this sense, he is interested in studying, analyzing and evaluating the conduct, behavior and ways of relating to human beings within organizations and companies, both public and private.

As such, it focuses on understanding how aspects of a psychological nature influence the development of work, hence some of the areas in which it is interested are the work environment, schedules, the volume of work and its distribution, the ways of interpersonal relationship between workers (social, group and individual), as well as conflicts of responsibilities and psychological conditions associated with work, such as stress, burnout syndrome or neurasthenia.

The target of the occupational psychology It is for workers to carry out their daily tasks in a pleasant environment, which provides them with a sense of well-being, while at the same time offering greater performance and efficiency.

That is why the occupational psychologyas a result of your observations, you should be able to determine what aspects could be optimized within a company to, in this way, favor the general functioning of the organization.

On the other hand, the occupational psychology will also be in charge of matters associated with the occupational health (risk prevention, ergonomics), to the structuring and establishment of work processes (functions, activities, responsibilities, rules and procedures to be observed, etc.), to the completion of courses for staff development and training staff counselingas well as at recruitment activities and selection of new workers.

On the other hand, the occupational psychology professional will deal with all aspects related to the human resources managementwhich will include description of jobs, analysis of demands and risks of the job itself, research and development of recruitment techniques, development and application of psychological tests to determine skills and abilities, development of interview techniques, staff training, motivation courses and evaluation techniques related to performance, among other things.

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A occupational psychologistIn this sense, you can carry out your tasks within a company department (generally human resources), or by offering external advisory and consulting services.

If you wish, you can also consult our article on Psychology.