Meaning of Ogun

What is Ogun:

The word Ogun refers to a Orisha or a deity belonging to the Yoruba religion or misnamed Santeria for the worship of its believers to the Saints.

His festivity is celebrated on April 23, he is credited with power over metals and is the owner of the roads as well as the mountains, he is also a direct messenger of Obbatalá, which makes him one of the most influential deities within of religion.

It is the Orisha that represents or is the patron saint of blacksmiths, wars, technology, army surgeons and anyone who works or who in one way or another has to do with metals or any metal in particular. .

Oggun the warrior Orisha is characterized by have a strong and violent character, but above all with his enemies, and his symbol is the machete, a tool with which he faces each and every one of his enemies, but which he also uses to make his way through the abundant vegetation and flora that it can exist in a jungle or on a mountain.

When his brother Eleggua opens paths, he (Oggun) is the great warrior in charge of protecting and ensuring those paths or those opportunities that are presented to the practitioners and believers of the religion.

His clothing consists of a purple vest and pants, he wears a flattened hat, he also wears a belt adorned with long palm fibers and on his shoulder a tiger skin bag that is also adorned with snails. Oggun’s favorite number is 3 as well as multiples of it, his favorite day is Tuesday as well as the 4th of each month. He greets you Oke Oggun! Oggun Kobu Aguanile!

The Orisha Oggun is the second in Cuban santeria (Ocha’s rule), this is because he (Oggun) is the owner of the machete (Embelebobo) and comes just behind Eleggua, who, as we said, is his brother and is the one who open the roads.

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It is said that Oggun is the one who is in charge of taking justice into his own hands, without caring what others will say or what they may think, all thanks to his great and strong character and that attitude of great violence towards his enemies, which makes him an impulsive deity that when he gets angry he loses control and is extremely severe.

Finally, to Coronar Oggun it is mandatory that the warrior Orishas have been previously received, during the coronation the following Oshas and Orishas must be received.

Ogun’s family

He is the son of Obbatalá and Yemú (hence he is the direct messenger of the first), and as we have already said, he has as brothers Eleggua, Shangó, Oshosi, Osun and in some patakis also from Dada, who are also deities.

Offerings and dances

Oggun can be offered rams, goats, chickens, roosters, land snails as well as sea snails, but it is said that any animal that is sacrificed for him is accepted in a very good way, since the simple action of sacrifice represents this deity.

The favorite animal to offer in sacrifice to Oggun is the dog, which is fed from time to time to make him happy and always be in harmony with him and to thank him for what he gives to his children or believers.

Honey, smoked fish, corojo butter, as well as roasted corn and liquor are usually offered to this deity, this being preferably gin, since it is the most similar alcoholic beverage to the one used by the Yorubas.

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This one is known for two characteristic dances, the warrior’s dance as well as the worker’s dance, in the first he breaks the air with his machete pulling it down, while advancing with one foot and dragging the other and in the second, in which mimics as if he were hammering with the machete like a blacksmith or as if he were harvesting with his tool.