Meaning of Organism

What is an Organism:

An organism in Biology is a living being and also the set of organs of a living being. This word is also used to refer to a public or private entity that performs functions of general interest. ‘Organism’ is formed with the Greek term ὄργανον (‘organ’) and the suffix ‘-ism’ (‘process’, ‘state’).

Genetically modified organism

A Genetically modified organism (GMO) or a transgenic organism It is a living being of a species in which its genetic configuration has been varied through genetic engineering. This type of modification is produced especially to vary some trait or functional capacity, which is detectable, heritable and with some practical or scientific utility.

The research and use of genetically modified organisms is regulated by law in many countries (for example, the Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms, in force in Mexico).

Autotrophic organism and heterotrophic organism

Both concepts refer to the way of obtaining organic matter to feed living beings.

Autotrophic organisms are living beings that are capable of producing their own food through inorganic substances. They can be classified as photosynthetic and chemosynthetic. Some examples are eucalyptus, pine, and photosynthetic bacteria.

Heterotrophic organisms are living beings that are not capable of producing their own food, but instead feed on organic substances synthesized by other organisms (either autotrophic or heterotrophic). They can be classified as photoorganotrophs and chemoorganotrophs. Some examples are cod, otter and ox.

unicellular organism

A unicellular organism is a living being made up of a single cell. That single cell performs, therefore, the three vital functions (nutrition, relationship and reproduction).

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Many of them are prokaryotes such as bacteria (eg cocci, bacilli and spirilla), but also eukaryotes such as protozoa or protozoa (eg paramecia and amoebas) and fungi such as yeasts. They are considered simpler and more primitive than multicellular organisms. Some of them cause diseases but others are used to make food and medicines by humans.

International organization

An international organization is a public entity whose members correspond to countries or other intergovernmental organizations. To differentiate it from the concept of ‘international organization’, the terms are sometimes used international governmental organization and also public international body.

social organism

A organism or social organization It is a structured system and formed by a group of people who form a collective and who maintain certain social relationships in order to obtain certain objectives. The fundamental characteristics, therefore, are interaction, cooperation and the existence of common objectives. This concept is used especially to refer to groups that have social purposes.

See also:

  • Classification of living things into domains and kingdoms
  • What is an individual
  • Protozoan
  • Unicellular