Meaning of Orthodontics

What is Orthodontics:

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that studies, prevents, diagnoses, treats and corrects malformations, defects and alterations in the teeth and bite.

The word, as such, comes from the Latin orthodontiawhich derives from the Greek roots ὀρθο- (ortho-), which means ‘straight’ or ‘correct’, and ὀδούς, ὀδόντος (odoús, odontos), which translates ‘tooth’.

Orthodontics intervenes in cases where there are abnormalities in the shape, position or relationship and function of the teeth and jaws.

Their The fundamental objective is to treat and correct these defects. to keep the teeth in a healthy state and looking goodeithersince teeth in an inappropriate position make oral hygiene difficult, are prone to early loss, suffer unusual wear, and cause tension and pain in the muscles involved in chewing.

Some of the most common conditions in orthodontics are overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, displaced midline, spacing, crowdingamong others.

For the treatment of all these defects, orthodontics uses the use and control of different types of appliances, techniques and forces that allow correcting dental problems, such as appliances (fixed and removable), which allow teeth to be moved, retrained the muscles or modify the growth of the jaws.

The specialist in this field is called an orthodontist.

See also Dentistry.

Types of orthodontic appliances

Orthodontic appliances can be divided into fixed and removable. Fixed appliances are those that are attached to the patient’s teeth, while removable appliances are those that can be removed from the mouth to eat, sleep, or brush teeth.

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fixed appliances

  • Brackets: They are composed of a system of bands, wires, and brackets, which are adjusted to exert gradual pressure on the teeth to bring them into their correct position.
  • Special fixed appliances: They are used to control things like thumb sucking or the pressure of the tongue against the teeth.
  • Space retainers: They allow you to maintain the space left by a temporary tooth when it falls out while the permanent tooth comes out.

removable appliances

  • Removable aligners: They help align the teeth, but without metal wires or brackets.
  • Removable Space Retainers: They allow you to maintain the space between teeth.
  • Appliances for the repositioning of the mandible: They are used to correct problems in the mandibular joint, they are placed in the upper and lower jaw.
  • Lip and cheek separators: They are used to keep lips and cheeks separated at a suitable distance.
  • Palate expander: It is used with the aim of widening the arch of the upper jaw.
  • Removable retainers: They are used on the roof of the mouth to prevent the teeth from moving back into their original positions.
  • Face bow or cap: it prevents the growth of the upper jaw, retains the rear teeth, and pulls back the front teeth.