Meaning of Parenchyma

What is Parenchyma:

The parenchyma is called organic tissue possessed by both animal and plant organs but, in each case fulfilling certain functions as appropriate, hence, the animal parenchyma and the plant parenchyma are differentiated.

The parenchyma may also be referred to as parenchymal tissue or parenchymal tissue.

The term parenchyma is part of the studies of histology, a discipline that is responsible for studying organic tissues, their structures and their functions.

animal parenchyma

The animal parenchyma is a essential tissue that allows the functioning of the various organs in which it is found and is studied by animal histology.

Among the parenchymas that can be mentioned in animals are the lungs, the kidneys, the brain, the liver, muscle tissue, nervous tissue, among others.

For example, epithelial tissue is recognized as parenchyma because it allows the secretion of glandular epithelia.

plant parenchyma

In botany, the parenchyma is called fundamental plant tissue that is characterized by being abundant, spongy and extended between plant organs.

The plant parenchyma is a tissue composed of cells with soft walls and with various shapes that allow it to fill the empty spaces between said organs.

In this sense, the plant parenchyma constitutes an extensive tissue that is abundant in the soft parts of plants such as leaves and fruits.

Likewise, depending on the location of the plant parenchyma, its function is to carry out essential and specialized activities for plants such as:

  • The nutrition.
  • The breathing.
  • Photosynthesis.
  • The reproduction.
  • The elaboration of essential substances.
  • The regeneration of plant tissues such as new stems and roots.
  • Scar or repair damage to the stems and leaves.
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Types of plant parenchyma

  • Chlorenchyma parenchyma: Also known as chlorophyll parenchyma or assimilator, it specializes in carrying out photosynthesis.
  • Reserve parenchyma: stores and transports nutrients It is very abundant in the underground part of the plant, such as tubers and in plants such as cactus.
  • aeriferous parenchyma: It is characteristic of plants that develop in aquatic environments, it is responsible for storing and conducting air inside the plants.
  • Aquifer parenchyma: It is characterized by storing water in those plants that are in dry environments.

See also:

  • Animal and plant cell.
  • Histology.