Meaning of Patristic

What is Patristic?

The patristic is study of the thought, doctrines and works of Christianity developed by the Fathers of the Churchwho were its first authors during the 1st and 8th centuries AD The word patristic derives from the Latin fatherswhich means ‘father’.

the patristic It was the first attempt to unify the knowledge of the Christian religion and establish its dogmatic content together with order to give a logical explanation of Christian beliefs and defend them against pagan dogmas and heresies.

development of the patristic

The patristic began its first period of formation during the first and third centuries, until the celebration of the Council of Nicaea, to which the first apologists and defenders of the Christian faith belong, who were disciples of the apostles.

This first period of patristicism took place both in the cultures of the East (Greece) and the West (Rome), each with important representatives of the Christian faith.

Then came a second boom period that lasted until the 8th century. During this time, the Church Fathers adapted the thoughts of Greek philosophy to Christian beliefs. Its main exponents were Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria and Origen.

Patristic of the East

The patristic of the East was dedicated to the study of the existence of God and its peculiarities. Also, the Greek Fathers of this patristic developed the foundations of Christian philosophy and theology based on the thoughts of Platonism and Neoplatonism, and also supported the terms moral and ethics.

The Greek patristic founded four schools, which are the School of Apologist Fathers, School of Alexandria, School of Cappadocia and School of Byzantium.

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Patristic of the West

The patristic of the West, represented by the Latin Fathers, was developed by Saint Augustine, who formulated the first Christian philosophy under the search for truth and knowledge. In this same sense, Saint Augustine set out to demonstrate the existence and essence of God.

However, it should be noted that the patristic of the West, although it displaced the Greek language by the Latin, was characterized by being influenced by Greek culture and Plato.

Characteristics of the patristic

Below are the main characteristics of the patristic.

  • It puts and defends Christian beliefs against pagan dogmas.
  • Consider the Christian faith as the only truth and knowledge.
  • It unifies Greek philosophical thoughts with Christian beliefs.
  • It is based on philosophy to rationally explain the Christian faith.
  • God is considered to be a spiritual and not a material being.
  • He considers that God is the only truth and guide of man, according to Saint Augustine.

See also Christianity.