Meaning of Pedagogy

What is Pedagogy:

Pedagogy is the science of education. By extension, Pedagogy is the method for teaching. Pedagogy falls within the Social Sciences and Humanities and is related to other sciences such as Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology.

In a generic way, the objective of Pedagogy is to plan, analyze, develop and evaluate teaching and learning processes. It aims to improve the educational reality in different areas: family, school, social and work. This word comes from the Greek παιδαγωγία. from the Greek παιδιον (paid, ‘little boy’) Y γωγος (gogo, ‘guide’, ‘lead’).

See also Educational system.

Children pedagogy

The object of study of child pedagogy is the education of children. Due to the characteristics of development, evolutionary factors are taken into account. At this stage, fundamental skills for life are acquired, so the work of educators is crucial.


The relationship between psychology and pedagogy give rise to a new science that focuses on the psychological processes of learning. The fields in which it is developed in a more specific way are, among others, the design of curricula and educational programs, vocational guidance and learning disorders.

critical pedagogy

Critical pedagogy is a theoretical and practical educational approach based on the critical paradigm whose objective is to transform the traditional educational system and develop critical thinking in students. Paulo Freire is one of the greatest exponents of critical pedagogy.

See also critical pedagogy.

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conceptual pedagogy

Conceptual pedagogy is a pedagogical model whose objective is the development of students’ thinking, skills and values ​​based on the type of thinking they have depending on their age (notional, conceptual, formal, categorical and scientific thinking). It includes the learning of scientific and intellectual knowledge, and also emotional intelligence. Conceptual pedagogy can be divided into three phases: affective, cognitive and expressive.

traditional pedagogy

In general, it is considered that traditional pedagogy is one based on academic methods and the transmission of content. Learning occurs in a mechanized way, without a process of critical or reflective reflection.

Waldorf pedagogy

Waldorf pedagogy is a pedagogical model created by Rudolf Steiner, founder of anthroposophy, in Stuttgart (Germany). It is based on the integral education of the person, autonomy and personal freedom, in an interdisciplinary way with special emphasis on artistic and creative capacity. As an educational system, it is structured in three levels. Until the age of 6, the activities focus on the development of the senses and corporality. From 7 to 13, the goal is to discover the world. In the last stage, until the age of 21, autonomous thinking and understanding are developed.