Meaning of Perception

What is Perception:

Perception It is the action and effect of perceiving. In this sense, the term perception refers to the impressions that an individual can perceive of an object through the senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste).

On the other hand, perception is the knowledge or understanding of an idea. Perception began to be studied in the 19th century, and it is the first cognitive process, in which the individual or animal captures information from abroad and reaches the sensory systems, and it is the brain that is in charge of forming information connections. neurons that allows to represent the complete image or idea of ​​what was discovered.

There are different types of perception, including:

  • Visual perception: the individual and animal obtains information through the eyes.
  • auditory perception: related to voiced sounds.
  • Tactile perception: it is concerned with the senses of the skin.
  • Taste perception: Human beings perceive substances through the palate.
  • Olfactory perception: It is related to odors.

In addition to the above, there are other types of perception such as:

  • Social perceptionby virtue of the fact that the human being is constantly related to the individuals in his environment, this type of perception helps him to obtain conclusions regarding the analysis and interpretation that he performs of their behaviors.
  • Music perception: It is the individual’s ability to perceive and recognize the sound, rhythm and melody.
  • Movement perception: It is the ability of the individual and animals to move their heads and eyes to survive threats and dangers.
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Sensory and extrasensory perception

sensory perception It is the ability to capture external signals through the senses, for example: if the individual receives a blow, they will immediately feel intense pain that will last for a few minutes.

However, extrasensory perception, known as the sixth sense, is the act of obtaining a type of knowledge by means that are different from the five previously identified senses. Extrasensory perception has existed since ancient times, some examples of this type of perception are:

  • Telepathy, tuning into another person’s mind.
  • Clairvoyance is the ability to access knowledge that no one else possesses.
  • Precognition, the ability to see events before they happen, make predictions, or issue warnings about the future.
  • Retrocognition is the ability to see past events.

Perception in psychology

According to psychology, perception consists of organizing and interpreting the stimuli that were received by the senses that help to identify objects and events. In this sense, perception has two stages: sensory and intellectual, since sensations do not provide real and complete vision and must be completed by the intellect.

Gestalt psychological theory, is of utmost importance with respect to this issue, it indicates that the human being perceives reality according to structure and not in an isolated or independent way. Its main exponents are: Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka and Kurt Lewin.

Perception in philosophy

Perception in philosophy consists of describing a situation in which the spirit intuitively captures external stimuli. There are different opinions on this subject, Descartes considers perception as an act of intelligence, and Leibniz as a transitory state that involves multiple processes.

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