Meaning of Person

What is Person:

The word person designates a individual of the human species, man or woman, who, considered from a legal and moral notion, is also a conscious and rational subject, with the ability to discern and respond to their own actions. As such, is a concept opposite to animal or thingsince rationality and life are attributed to it, and, in this sense, it fulfills a biological and psychic development, from birth to death.

Person comes from the Latin personmeaning ‘actor’s mask’ or ‘theatrical character’, and this from the Etruscan phersuwhich in turn comes from the Greek πρόσωπον (prósōpon), which translates precisely ‘mask’.

Person, then, refers to the mask worn by Greek or Roman actors in theatrical performances, and that it had a horn to give greater resonance to the voice, so that it could reach all the spectators. Hence, many times its meaning is deepened in a philosophical sense and it is said that being a person is representing a role before the world, in society, as well as having a voice.

In its daily uses, as a person we call a man or woman whose name we do not know: “Tell that person to help you”. As well as it can also refer to the distinguished man or woman with an important public position.

Person is also a way of calling a character of a literary work.

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On the other hand, there are expressions that contain the word person, such as the Latin phrase persona non grata, which means persona non grata. While “making someone of his person”, on his part, refers to evacuating, relieving the belly.

Person in Law

In law, a person is a subject with rights and obligations from the legal point of view. There are two types:

Physical or natural person

It is the human individual with material existence who exercises his rights and duties in a particular way, from a legal point of view.

It is that independent entity, of exclusively legal existence, which is constituted by groups or organizations of people and assets that are recognized from the point of view of Law as unitary instances with the capacity to be subject to rights and obligations. Examples of legal persons They are associations, corporations, partnerships and foundations.

See also natural and moral person.

grammatical person

In the area of ​​Linguistics, grammatical person It is a concept that designates the grammatical accident that affects the verb and the pronounand that in the sentence indicates whether the agent person (which is the one that executes the action of the verb) or the patient person (which is the one that receives the action) is the one who speaks, the one to whom one speaks, or the one about whom one speaks.

There are, moreover, three types of grammar people: the first person, which designates the speaker in the speech; the second person, which is the one to whom the speech is directed; the third person, which is neither first nor second person, but designates what the discourse refers to. These three persons, in addition, are subdivided each into singular and plural.

Person is also the name noun that is related in a mediate or immediate way with the sentence of the verb.

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person in philosophy

In Philosophy, there are various definitions of person. For Boethiusa person it is an individual substance of a rational nature. While Saint Thomas Aquinas considers that a person it is a “supposed or individual of rational nature”, that is to say, a complete and sufficient unit that possesses spirit (intelligence and will). For Immanuel Kanta person it supposes a moral category, subject to rights and duties, which exists as an end in itself. In short, it could be said that a person is a rational individual, aware of himself and of moral values, capable of taking responsibility for himself.

person in religion

According to christian doctrinethere are angelic people, not human, like the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, who are different people but with the same divine essence. At the same time, the existence of diabolical people is also admitted.

See also: What is an Individual