Meaning of Phobia

What is Phobia:

phobia is passionate or obsessive aversion to something. Also, the word phobia can be understood as synonymous with unjustified or pathological fear. The word phobia is of Greek origin. phobes which means “panic”.

phobia is a social emotional or psychological disorder towards people, animals, objects or situations, for example: closed places are known as claustrophobia, open places are known as agoraphobia, xenophobia hatred of foreigners, homophobia hatred of homosexuals, philophobia fear of love or falling in love, nomophobia fear of being left without a cell phone, among others.

The phobic person is aware of the fear they feel in a certain situation, generating a picture of anxiety, stress and, sometimes, generating physical discomfort such as: sweating, fear, nerves, difficulty breathing, tremors, among other symptoms.

The causes of the appearance of the phobia They are not specifically known, the vast majority of them have their origin in childhood or from a traumatic episode that arose at a certain time, for example: a rape can lead to phobia of men or women and these persist in adulthood being able in some situations to increase.

There are people who claim that phobias are passed from generation to generation, which many experts do not agree with, and claim that the transmission of fear is due to the child taking the same attitude as their parents.

Secondly, the term phobia can refer to certain specific cases that do not indicate fear, for example: hydrophobia can be fear of water, as well as the inability to drink water due to illness or some chemical compound that repels water. Likewise, the term photophobia can refer to the fear of light or to a physical problem in the eyes or aversion to light that can inflate or dilate the pupil.

See also:

  • Xenophobia
  • homophobia
  • Philophobia
  • Nomophobia
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Phobia Treatments

The phobia is considered as a psychological illness that can be cured through psychological therapies such as: psychoanalysis, behavioral therapies, even hypnosis. Likewise, there are treatments with anxiolytic medications to control anxiety and psychoactive drugs. However, the professional, be it a psychologist, psychiatrist, doctor, must evaluate each patient and refer each one to the appropriate treatment.

types of phobia

Each phobia has its own name, some are known and others are very strange.

  • arachnophobia: fear of spiders.
  • Acrophobia: fear of heights.
  • Catsaridaphobia: fear of cockroaches.
  • Belonophobia: fear of injections or needles.
  • metrophobia: irrational fear of poems and poetry.
  • Ephebophobia: fear of being with young people.
  • Somniphobia: afraid to sleep.
  • Coulrophobia: fear of clowns.
  • Aichmophobia/ aiquimiphobia/ belonophobia: fear of needles and injections.
  • nyctophobia: fear of the dark.
  • Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia: fear of long words.
  • ornithophobia: fear of birds.
  • Trypophobia: fear of holes.

Social phobia

social phobia It is a disorder characterized by fear and intense anxiety of maintaining contact or being part of an unknown social group. People who suffer from social phobia cannot bear the idea of ​​being analyzed and evaluated by other people, this type of phobia is so intense that the person just by thinking about the situation already feels fear of being judged, humiliated, embarrassed, etc.

Social phobia like the others focuses on a persistent, severe and chronic fear. In addition to presenting physical symptoms such as: sweating, insecurity, palpitations, stuttering, nausea, sensation of physical or heat, etc.

Some of the most relevant situations for people who suffer from social phobia are: speaking, writing, eating, attending events, among others, as long as they are under the supervision of a stranger.

In reference to the above, social phobia treatment They are similar to other types of phobias, they must be accompanied by a professional, through therapy sessions and, in some cases, antidepressant, anxiolytic remedies or medications must be provided for excess anxiety.

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Contrary to social phobia, shyness occurs and, it is a feeling shared by human beings, it is a feeling of insecurity in new social situations that makes it difficult for them to relate to their environment. A shy person must become familiar with their environment, making fear and insecurity disappear little by little.

In reference to the above, the difference between a shy person and a person who suffers from social phobia are the consequences that living in society entails in their life since social phobia does not allow the individual to expose himself to social situations, instead , the shy person at first may have a hard time but as time goes by, they control the symptoms and continue presenting themselves to society. However, a poorly treated shyness over time can become a social phobia.