Meaning of Political Party

What is Political Party:

Political parties are called public interest associations that represent and transmit the requests of citizens and promote their participation in democratic activity.

Political parties are formed in order to contribute and determine the political activity of a country, as well as to provide support and attention to citizens so that their needs or requests are channeled and directed towards the corresponding public entities.

That is, the political parties They are the mediators between society and state entities., express pluralism and the will of the citizens, therefore, they are an important instrument for political work. However, it should be remembered that political parties do not have public or organic power, but they do have public relevance.

However, the origin of political parties is not very clear. However, it is considered that they began in the Roman Senate, although it was not until the 19th century that they began to be organized and structured like the political parties that currently exist and that even have a constitutional basis.

Organization of political parties

Political parties are made up of a group of individuals, both militants and affiliates, who voluntarily decide to form part of a party with which they identify because of its doctrines, ideologies, values ​​and principles determined in its statutes.

These militants have the right to participate as voters or eligible within their political parties in any of the available positions, through secret ballot. They also have the right to be informed of everything that happens and to participate in the activities that are proposed.

On the other hand, political parties have a financial system that depends on both public and private economic contributions to cover the expenses of the political work and activities that are carried out.

You may be interested:  Subculture

They can also receive the support of various communication media through which they hold press conferences and inform the population of their political activities.

Likewise, some political parties can be differentiated from others because each one represents a sector of the population and its social interests. However, there are cases in which various political parties form coalitions and oppose other parties.

Hence, political parties are entities of a democratic type that seek to represent a social group, support their candidates, make political opposition and make the will of the citizens known to government entities.

Political parties have several objectives, among the main ones is to receive, lead and transmit the demands of citizens to the various government entities in order to solve a series of circumstances.

Types of political parties

There are different types of political parties, among the most important are those presented below.

mass party

The mass parties have a solid organization and a large number of members who finance these parties and maintain relationships with various external organizations such as trade unions. They are called as nationalist, socialist or religious parties.

notable match

Notable parties emerged in Europe in the mid-19th century. They are characterized by being made up of a restricted number of militants and affiliates, led by aristocrats or bourgeois, who financed these parties. His ideology is weak. These parties basically function during election periods.

box matches

Cadre parties are characterized by ideologically training their militants. Its structure is organized and disciplined. They are parties that employ their militants to carry out political work of great influence.

You may be interested:  Legal Standard

Movementist parties

The movementist parties are those that are made up of the libertarian political parties of the left and those of the extreme right.

See also Politics.