Meaning of Politology

What is Politology:

Politics is the social science that studies political reality. Politology is also called political science and political theory.

Those who exercise political science are called political scientists and analyze, according to specific parameters and tools, political phenomena in order to explain them and formulate predictions.

The word politology was used for the first time in 1948 by the German political scientist Eugen Fischer Baling (1881 – 1964) and has been controversial due to the lack of interest among political scholars in giving an adequate and universal name.

Although the term political science is more widely used than political science, the word political scientist to describe political scholars has been much more popularized.

The study of politics necessarily involves the study of ‘Power’ and its influence over the group of people who govern or exercise authority. Therefore, power relations are important to know the actors involved and the networks that the powerful of politics weave.

The components that make up the political reality that the political scientist must analyze and take into account are:

  • Individual or group socialized actors
  • Mediation structures such as political parties and interest groups
  • Political institutions like the state
  • Political tendencies, that is, dominant political ideas, opinions or beliefs
  • Formalized rules for conflict resolution
  • Non-formalized but accepted rules for conflict resolution
  • psychology of power

There are 4 levels of theorizing in political science: the theoretical level, the descriptive level, the explanatory level and the predictive level.

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