Meaning of Pollination

What is Pollination:

pollination is the pollen transport of the plants from the stamens (male organs of the flowers that originate the pollen grains) to the receptive part of the flowers, place where it germinates and fertilizes the ovules of the flowermaking possible the production of seeds and fruits.

pollinationPollination occurs thanks to external agents to the flowers. Flowers that do not discriminate pollinating agents are called generalist flowersinstead, there are flower specialists that can only be pollinated by a certain species due to the evolution of the morphology of both the flower and the animal or insect.

The transport of pollen from the stamens to the stigma, the upper part of the pistil destined to receive the pollen, is carried out by different agents called pollination vectors.

The types of pollination vectors can be divided into:

Biotic Pollination Vectors

Among the biotic pollination agents or vectors are animals and insects in general. Plants that need animals for pollination are called zoophilic plants. Biotic vectors can be classified into four groups:

  • Hymenoptera: bumblebees, bees and wasps.
  • Lepidoptera: butterflies and moths.
  • Diptera: flies.
  • Birds and animals: hummingbirds, some bats, mice and monkeys.

abiotic pollination vectors

Abiotic pollination vectors are those fundamental factors for the ecosystem such as water or wind. Plants that depend on water for the transport of their pollen are called hydrophilic plants and those that use the wind are called anemophilous plants.

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Pollination generally occurs in spring, a season when conditions are conducive to flowering and reproduction.

See also Spring.