Meaning of Psychopathology

What is Psychopathology:

Psychopathology is an area of ​​health dedicated to studying psychological disorders or symptoms of biological origin, either due to anatomical or biochemical alterations. The term psychopathology is also used to refer to a symptom of psychological origin.

Likewise, psychopathology studies changes in the behavior of the individual that could indicate mental states that are not considered healthy.

The term psychopathology comes from the Greek psyche (reason or soul), pathos (suffering), logos (reasoning).

Psychopathology, as an area of ​​study, requires the intervention of various specialists. Psychiatrists, for example, are in charge of identifying those changes that could be considered a symptom or a disorder.

On the other hand, neuroscience specialists study the chemical processes that cause psychological or mental disorders. These contributions may lead to the creation of new or better drugs, or to a new perspective on how the brain works.

Psychologists, for their part, are responsible for responding to the mental processes that underlie a disorder, and how they can be addressed according to various currents, such as psychotherapy, psychoanalysis or behavioral therapy.

psychopathology in medicine

Psychopathology considers psychological or mental disorders as another type of illness, even if they are linked to a greater alteration, such as mood swings that can be experienced with hypo- and hyperthyroidism, for example.

In this sense, for this branch of health, psychological symptoms or disorders may originate from functional failures (brain injuries or differences in size or shape in some regions of the brain).

You may be interested:  Cytoplasmic Function

There may also be failures of chemical origin, which is when there is an imbalance in the generation of certain neuronal compounds, necessary for proper brain function (serotonin, oxytocin, endorphin, among others).

psychopathology in psychology

For psychology, psychopathological disorders can not only involve functional or chemical failures, but also add learning processes and social behavior that can generate or influence the generation of behavior patterns considered unhealthy.

In this sense, psychology is responsible for discovering and studying the motivations of these behaviors and applying, according to different perspectives, a treatment whose objective is the modification of behavior considered unhealthy, or outside normal parameters.