Meaning of Rust

What is Rust:

rust is the mixture product of the union of a metallic or non-metallic element with oxygen such as nitrogen oxide, calcium oxide, lead oxide, among others.

The term rust is a reddish coat that occurs on the surfaces of iron and other metals as a result of the oxidation originated by water or moisture.

The oxide can be found at room temperature in the liquid, solid or gaseous state. Most of the elements establish stable combinations with oxygen and others in Oxidation state.

See also Oxidation.

Referring to the above, the oxide is named depending on the number of oxygen atoms present as: 1 oxygen atom is called monoxide, 2 oxygen atoms are called dioxide, 3 oxygen atoms are called trioxide, and so on.

See also Atom.

The oxide is divided according to the stoichiometry of the compound; binary rust composed of oxygen and 1 element, mixed rust made up of 2 different elements and oxygen.

The term rust comes from the Greek word meaning “acid”.

basic oxide

basic oxide It is a compound produced by the combination of a metal element with oxygen. Likewise, the basic oxide is known as basic anhybrids since adding water can cause basic hydroxides.

The least electronegative element oxide tends to be basic.

acid oxide

acid rust It is a binary chemical compound produced by the mixture of a non-metal element with oxygen. Similarly, acid oxide is known as acid anhydride since adding water forms oxacid.

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The acid oxide of the more electronegative element are usually acids.

amphoteric oxide

amphoteric oxide It is created when an amphoteric element intervenes in the compound, that is, the oxides act as acid or base depending on whether they are reacted.

The amphoteric oxide enjoys a neutral and stable electronegativity.

oxide reduction

An oxidation-reduction reaction It is determined because there is a transfer of electrons, in which an oxidizing agent gains electrons and reduces its oxidation number and a reducing agent loses electrons and increases its oxidation number.

In addition, oxidation number It is the charge of the chemical element, that is, it corresponds to an arbitrary value that is established for each chemical element depending on the number of electrons it gains, loses, or conforms to when a compound is formed.

carbon oxide

carbon oxide Known as carbon dioxide, it is an odorless, colorless gas that is released in respiration, in combustion, and in some fermentations. Carbon dioxide is the mixture of a simple or compound radical with 2 oxygen atoms.

The biological cycle where carbon exchanges occur, specifically is in the respiration of living beings and the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis. In turn, carbon dioxide regulates global warming of the earth’s surface and, through the greenhouse effect, contributes to the earth having a tolerable temperature for biomass.

However, carbon dioxide has different commercial, industrial and medical uses such as: an extinguishing agent since it eliminates oxygen for the fire, it provides effervescence to certain drinks, it can also be used to curdle dairy products, as a soil fertilizer, as a coolant , as a contrast agent in radiology, as a ventilation agent in surgeries, treatment of circulatory problems, among other uses.

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Nitrous oxide

nitrous oxide It is a colorless gas with low solubility in water. With the designation of nitrogen oxides, a group of gaseous chemical compounds formed by the combination of oxygen and nitrogen are identified.

Nitrous oxide has narcotic properties, which is why it is applied in the dentistry area, likewise, in the food industry it is used to make food. Nitrous oxide, when injected into conventional engines or into some rockets, increases their power, among other uses.

In the area of ​​health, nitrous oxide can cause damage to the respiratory tract and lungs. However, nitrous oxide causes significant effects on the environment since this gas is one of the causes of acid rain and global warming.