Meaning of Scaffolding

What is Scaffolding:

scaffolding is the guided learning through a process of building knowledge structures in order to reach potential skills that would not be possible to learn autonomously.

The scaffolding theory was developed by the American psychologists David Wood and Jerome Bruner (1915-2016) and describes the need for the learning process to be guided by simulating a scaffold where children ages 3 to 5 can achieve greater potential cognitive growth.

The scaffolding theory derives from the concept of zone of proximal or proximal development (ZPD) of the Russian physician and lawyer Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). The zone of proximal development is the difference or space between the current abilities acquired autonomously and the potential abilities that can be achieved.

Scaffolding is the process where the zone of proximal development gap is narrowed by the learner reaching his learning potential. This technique falls within evolutionary psychology, specifically in the area of ​​cognitive development in childhood or educational psychology.

See also: Evolutionary psychology

Lev Vygotsky bases his studies on the Marxist theory of dialectical materialism Karl Marx (1818-1883) who postulates that historical changes in society and in material life produce changes in human nature. It is the social structures and social relationships that lead to the development of mental functions and not the other way around.

See also on dialectical materialism in Dialectic.

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