Meaning of Scientific Text

What is the Scientific Text:

a scientific text is a written production that addresses theories, concepts or any other topic based on scientific knowledge through a specialized technical language.

Scientific texts arise as a result of research. In them, the development of the research process, its data, tests, results and conclusions are presented in an orderly and systematic manner.

The information provided in the scientific text, on the other hand, is the product of methodical and systematic work, thanks to which a phenomenon or fact is studied and analyzed based on a series of hypotheses, principles and laws. Everything mentioned above will provide the results obtained with verifiability and, therefore, with validity and universality.

See also Scientific knowledge.

Objective of scientific texts

The purpose of the scientific text is to transmit, in an appropriate, clear and concise manner, the results of a research work on a specific topic to the scientific communityas well as the interested public in general.

Hence, its production context is always within the framework of a scientific community, to which it wants to communicate and demonstrate the progress made in research. They appear, above all, in scientific research and dissemination books and magazines.

See also scientific research.

Characteristics of scientific texts

Scientific texts have a series of specific characteristics that differentiate them from other types of texts, such as literary or journalistic texts, since they deal with topics and situations that require a specific language, register and approach.

  • Language: they use a specialized terminology or lexicon, specific to each specific area (mathematics, biology, physics, chemistry, etc.).
  • Objectivity: they are objective texts, based on concrete, verifiable, reproducible data; they seek to convey to the reader aspects of reality approached with methodical rigor. Subjectivity, in this sense, is minimized.
  • Clarity: the knowledge is communicated to the reader in a clear and precise way, without ambiguities or subtleties, with a clean and orderly syntax.
  • Formality: the topic is presented and exposed in a formal writing record, with distance and objectivity.
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See also Disclosure.

Examples of scientific texts

There is a considerable variety of scientific texts. Some examples are reports, articles, theses, monographs, school or didactic manuals, outreach works, and books and magazines in general on health, social sciences, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc.

See also Disclosure Article.

Structure of a scientific text

Every scientific article is structured more or less as follows:

  • Title: contains the topic and the formulation of the problem
  • Authors: people who sign the investigation
  • Summary: brief explanation of the topic to be addressed, its main points.
  • Introduction: presentation of the research, the problem to be addressed, the hypothesis, justifications.
  • Method and materials: explanation of the methodology and the materials that will be used
  • data collection: data collection process for research.
  • Results: presentation of the results obtained.
  • Discussion: analysis of the results obtained based on the proposed hypothesis.
  • conclusion: closing of the text presenting the most relevant aspects of the research and its findings.
  • Bibliography: list of the texts used to carry out the research.

Scientific text and technical text

The scientific text and the technical text have some similarities: they use a technical, clear and objective language that refers to concrete realities. In this sense, they are unambiguous.

The scientific text differs from the technical text, on the other hand, in that the scientist explains, exposes and describes the development of a research process, to present its results.

The technical text, on the other hand, although it is based on science, is oriented to its application in the technological or industrial fields, and contains explanations and instructions that guide, in a practical way, the work of those who read it.

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See also:

  • technical text.
  • Technicality.
  • Argumentative text.