Meaning of Sociocultural Paradigm

What is Sociocultural Paradigm:

The sociocultural paradigm is a theoretical program that relates learning, psychological development, education and culture to understand and improve psychological and sociocultural processes in learning.

The sociocultural paradigm was developed by the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) with influences from other post-war psychopedagogical paradigms such as the cognitive paradigm, which combines reason and the analogy of its processes with the information system.

Vygotsky in his work thought and languagewhich studies evolutionary psychology, describes the interaction of the human being with signs or tools, the most important being language.

In his studies, Vygotsky observes that the human being uses the tools, be they physical or intellectual, to produce a solution to the problem posed, generating as a by-product a higher psychic learning or development of higher consciousness activities.

Characteristics of the sociocultural paradigm

The sociocultural paradigm establishes three fundamental pedagogical ideas that are related to the meaning and internalization of knowledge.

The first idea states that human development is interdependent on the learning process, this means that human beings require this type of interaction for their intellectual development.

The second idea is based on the use of tools as an amplification of the capacities of consciousness. The tools, or also referred to by Vygotsky as signs, help to acquire new or better skills such as memory, attention and problem solving.

The third idea indicates that formal learning precedes intellectual development. In this sense, directed learning, as in the case of formal education, constitutes the basis for training and deepening the processes of the intellect.

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See also:

  • Paradigm
  • cognitive paradigm.
  • Evolutionary Psychology.
  • Awareness.