Meaning of Synesthesia

What is Synesthesia:

synesthesia It is the perception of the same sensation through different senses.. The word comes from the Greek and is made up of the words συν- (without-), which means ‘together’, and αἴσθησις (aísthesis), which translates ‘sensation’.

For biology, synesthesia is a secondary or associated sensation in which a stimulus that is applied to a certain part of our body is perceived in a different one.

Psychology, for its part, considers that synesthesia is the sensation in which a perception, characteristic of a certain sense, is fixed by another sensation that affects another sense.

Synesthesia is a condition that can occur in an individual who is able to hear colors, see sounds or appreciate textures when tasting something. A synesthetic, for example, spontaneously perceives correspondences between color tones, sound and flavor intensities.

Synesthesia endures over the years. Scientific research maintains that it is an X-linked dominant trait, while other scientists believe that synesthesia is caused by a crossover of adjacent areas of the brain that process different sensory information.

See also Chromosome.

As such, synesthesia is more common among patients with autism, although certain epilepsies can also cause synesthetic perceptions.

Synesthetic experiences, on the other hand, can be had through the consumption of hallucinogenic substances, such as LSD, mescaline, or certain mushrooms.

Synesthesia as a literary figure

Synesthesia is also known as a rhetorical figure in which a sensation is attributed (auditory, olfactory, visual, gustatory, tactile) to an object to which it does not correspond. As such, it is widely used in literary works, especially poetry.

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examples synesthesia would be:

  • deaf sadness.
  • Bright yellow.
  • The green solitude of the fields.
  • Sweet days.

See also Literary Figures.