Meaning of Territoriality

What is Territoriality:

Territoriality is understood as domain or jurisdiction that a State, person or animal possesses over a certain territory, zone or region. The word territoriality derives from the word territory.

Territoriality is the protection of a particular territory or property in which a set of regulations or laws are established for the care of said space, the regulation of certain actions or the restriction of the entry or exit of certain individuals.

In this sense, the meaning of territoriality also encompasses other terms such as defense, security, belonging, privacy, identity or domination. Therefore, territoriality is related to various areas of study of both the Social Sciences and the Natural Sciences.

On the other hand, territoriality is also related to the area of ​​Law, since it has to do directly with the legal fact that is stipulated in each State in order to establish justice and equality among people.

human territoriality

Human beings establish their territoriality through the control and care of a geographical space through the creation of laws, the organization of its inhabitants, the promotion of a sense of belonging and the protection of the sociocultural values ​​that identify the groups. social.

Likewise, territoriality allows the development of concepts such as border, identity and culture. In this way, each social group can recognize its territoriality and identify with it.

For example, in each country there is legislation that determines the ownership and defense of the geographic space, as well as its identity and the cultural values ​​that identify the citizens of a territory.

animal territoriality

Animals also tend to instinctively mark or delimit their territory in order to prevent others from occupying their area. The mechanisms most used by various animal species are leaving marks through scratches on the trunks of trees, leaving traces of urine or feces.

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These rattles left by the animals are made with some regularity in order to reinforce them, especially during the rutting or winter seasons.

For example, cats are animals that tend to establish their territoriality by leaving their scent in various parts of their home or space where they live. Hence, cats get used to rubbing their bodies on various objects such as the corners of furniture, among others.

See also Territory.