Meaning of the Flora

What is Flora:

Flora is the set of vegetation comprising a region or country. Flora also refers to the characteristic plants of a certain geological period or specific ecosystem.

The word flora derives from the name of the Roman goddess Flora who helped the flourishing and development of all kinds of plants and vegetation.

The flora together with the fauna that are generated by a specific biome form a biotic area, that is, a life zone.

Abiotic resources, despite being considered inert such as the soil, the climate, the winds, the elevations, among other things, are a fundamental part of the sustenance and development of the flora.

Types of Flora

Flora can be classified by the way it survives in the environment; the regions, the climate and the environment that they need to develop, the use that is given to them, the geological period that they represent, etc. The characteristic of the flora, therefore, is determined by the name given to the specific set of plants.

In this sense, some of the most widespread types of flora are:

According to survival:

Native flora: plants native to the region, such as the poinsettia flower from Guerrero, Mexico.

Agricultural and garden flora: cultivated by man, such as wheat and acacias.

Weed or weed flora: invasive or undesirable plants, such as nettles.

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According to natural regions:

Mountainous flora: Vegetation communities that are subdivided according to specific regions, such as paramos, montane forest, oak forest, etc.

tropical flora: Vegetation from regions with tropical climates, such as palm trees and orchids.

See also Natural Regions.

According to geological periods:

Flora paleozoic era: the first plants with seeds appear.

Flora was mesozoic: plants with angiosperms develop.

Flora was Cenozoic: coniferous plants are born and herbaceous plants expand.

According to uses:

Medicinal flora: appreciated for its healing properties, such as the chicalote or holy thistle.

Food flora: used for food, such as tomato.

Ornate flora: marketed for its aesthetic characteristics, such as the rose.

Flora and fauna

Flora and fauna are the biotic resource that sustains an ecosystem. The flora groups everything that includes the plant kingdom, while the fauna refers to everything that involves the animal kingdom.

See also:

  • Fauna.
  • Biotic.

Gut flora

The intestinal flora are the bacteria that live in the human intestine and that help ferment food that is not digestible without their help. The intestinal flora exists through a symbiotic relationship with humans, helping each other, where the flora digests and humans provide the means for their survival.