Meaning of Ultrasound

What is Ultrasound:

Ultrasound is a sound whose frequency of vibrations is higher than the limit perceptible by the human ear. It can be considered that it is one that exceeds 20,000 Hz.

The word ultrasound is also used to refer to various equipment and techniques that use ultrasound, for example, Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound has multiple applications and is used in various areas such as Industry and Medicine.

ultrasound during pregnancy

Currently, it is common to perform tests during pregnancy using ultrasound. In a generic way, it is also known as ultrasound. Some of the techniques based on the use of ultrasound are structural ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound and 3D and 4D ultrasound.

See also Pregnancy.

structural ultrasound

The structural ultrasound It is a technique that combines black and white ultrasound, 3D and 4D ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound. In Medicine, applied to the monitoring of the gestation process, it is used to obtain a complete or structural image of the fetus. With structural ultrasound, it is possible, for example, to measure the level of amniotic fluid, check the development of the organs and detect possible anomalies in the development of the fetus.

4D ultrasound

4D ultrasound is a technique used in Medicine that produces a sequence of 3D images over time. This technique allows you to see a three-dimensional image in real time. It is a non-invasive method for the patient. This technique is used, for example, in Obstetrics to perform a more detailed monitoring of pregnancy processes. In addition, it has other applications and is used as a complementary technique for the detection and diagnosis of diseases, such as cancer. Among others, images of the mammary glands or the prostate can be obtained.

Doppler ultrasound

The doppler ultrasoundalso know as doppler ultrasound either Doppler echo. This special technique tests the flow of blood in the major veins and arteries in the baby’s body, which are located in the legs, abdomen, arms, and neck.

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Ultrasound in Aesthetics

Ultrasound is also used in aesthetic treatments. Ultrasound can be applied in a focused way in a specific area of ​​the body or in a non-focused way. It has various applications, such as acne treatment, skin toning, and wrinkle and blemish removal. Among other effects, ultrasound acts on the skin at a cellular and molecular level, facilitating vasodilation and improving the metabolism of adipose tissue in the treatment of cellulite.

Ultrasound in Physiotherapy

Ultrasound is also used as treatment in Physiotherapy. Its thermal and mechanical activity makes it used for the treatment of various complications. In muscular-type problems, for example, ultrasound acts, among others, as a relaxant, analgesic and to relieve contractures and stiffness in the joints. It also has an anti-edematous effect, acts as a vasodilator, increasing blood flow and helps in healing and tissue regeneration.