Meaning of Zionism

What is Zionism:

Zionism is a nationalist movement and ideology that seeks to establish a homeland for the Jewish people in Jerusalem with the creation of the State of Israel.

The word Zionism derives from Zion which means Jerusalem, the promised land of the Hebrew people according to the Christian Bible.

Zionism seeks to give a cultural unity to the Jewish people by establishing a national home for them in terms of race, religion, and culture. In this sense, Zionism is a religious, cultural and financial movement that supports the establishment of the Jewish religion, the Hebraic culture and the construction of a strong economy among and for the Jewish people.

As a political movement, Zionism emerged at the end of the 19th century thanks to the efforts of the Austro-Hungarian journalist Theodor Herzl (1860-1904). Concerned about the social problem that anti-Semitism was causing in Europe, he organized the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland in 1897. In addition, he became the first president of the World Zionist Organization (OSM or WZO for its acronym in English).

Zionism, through the World Zionist Organization, preserves the Hebrew culture and Jewish identity around the world, with those located in Mexico and the United States being two of the largest.

christian zionism

Christian Zionism is the support of a group of Christians for the establishment of the State of Israel, Eretz Yishrah in Hebrew, as the homeland of the Jews.

You may be interested:  What is a Caliph

This position is based on passages from the Christian Bible that prophesies the return of the Jews to the promised land (Jerusalem) as a sign of the beginning of the end times where the faithful will be saved.

Zionism and Nazism

Zionism as a movement has existed since 1890 but it gains strength due to the anti-Semitism that occurs under the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) in Germany. Due to the catastrophic consequences of racial discrimination against the Jews at that time, Zionism appears as the only valid refuge solution for the Jews.

See also:

  • Nazism
  • antisemitism

Zionism in Israel

Thanks to Zionism, the State of Israel was founded in 1948 with the UN resolution that distributed Palestine after the British left the territory. Palestine is divided for Israelis and Palestinian Arabs, leaving Jerusalem as an international territory under the tutelage of the UN.

The current configuration of the State of Israel is a product of the Arab-Israeli War in 1948, leaving the Palestinians confined to the Gaza Strip controlled by Egypt and some northern territories under Jordan.