Movement Types

Movement refers to the change in position of part or all of an animate or inanimate body. The types of movement vary according to the nature of the object being observed.

In addition, it must always be taken into account the trajectory in relation to elapsed time and the initial reference position.

Types of motion in physics

Types of motion in physics

In physics, the movements of bodies under the action of forces is studied by mechanical science.

In this sense, the types of movement in mechanics are divided into 3 large areas of study according to the nature of the objects, they being:

  • Relativistic mechanics, mechanics of celestial movements or celestial mechanics: studies the types of movement of the stars and celestial objects taking into account Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.
  • Classical mechanics or Newtonian mechanics: defines the types of movements of ordinary objects on Earth, that is, those whose movement is less than the speed of light. It is based on Newton’s laws with the variables of gravity, mass and motion.
  • Quantum mechanics or quantum field theory: studies the types of movement of matter on an atomic and subatomic scale.

On the other hand, kinematics (within physics and mechanics) studies the movement of objects by defining their magnitudes of position, velocity and acceleration. Taking trajectory and time as variables, the following types of movement are distinguished:

  • Uniform line movement (MRU): object moves in one direction, for a given distance with constant speed and time.
  • Accelerated rectilinear motion: it differs from the previous one by the constant acceleration of the object.
  • Uniformly varied rectilinear motion: The variation of speed and time is constant in the object.
  • curvilinear movement: This movement includes parabolic, elliptical, vibratory, oscillatory and circular movements.
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Types of Earth movements

types of earth movement

The types of movement of the Earth, as a celestial body, is studied by relativistic mechanics. In general, 2 types of movements of the Earth are distinguished:

  • Rotation: continuous movement of the Earth on itself that defines day and night.
  • translation: elliptical movement around the sun that defines the seasons of the year.

See also Rotational and translational motion.

Types of movement of tectonic plates

types of plate movement

On the land surface of our planet Earth there are other types of movements, such as those generated by tectonic plates. Mountain ranges and basins are the visible edges of the plates where forces that cause tectonic, seismic and volcanic activities are concentrated.

The Andes Mountain Range, for example, known as the Pacific Ring of Fire or Pacific Ring of Fire, contains the most important subduction zones, that is, it is the place on Earth where the greatest seismic and volcanic activity is concentrated. .

The types of tectonic plate movements can be divided into 3 types:

  • converging movements: collision of tectonic plates.
  • divergent movements: separation of tectonic plates.
  • transforming moves: joint sliding of the tectonic plates.

See also Tectonic plates.

Types of social movements

Types of social movements

Social movements are informal groups that seek to generate some kind of social change.

In general, social movements are classified into 4 types that differ from each other by their identity, adversary and social dimension:

  • reformist movements: those that demand changes from within, include strategies of institutionalization and cooperation with them, such as student movements.
  • revolutionary movements: They ask for changes from outside, including confrontations for the construction of new spaces of power, such as, for example, the Zapatista civil movement.
  • proactive moves: those who demand social transformations such as, for example, feminism and ecological movements.
  • reactive movements: refer to resistance movements such as indigenous movements.
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Types of migratory movements

Types of migratory movements

Throughout history, there have been several human migrations that have generated impacts and changes in societies. These are defined by the type of migration according to the geographical dimension, the motivation, the temporality and the legal context.

Among them we can mention:

  • forced migrations: we have as an example the situation of refugees who migrate to other countries fleeing wars in their own countries.
  • voluntary migrations: those whose motivation is the search for a better quality of life or work, for example.
  • internal migrations: the local or community ones refer, for example, to evictions by the authorities and the national ones, such as migrations from the countryside to the city.
  • External or transnational migrations: Migration to another country seeking, for example, better study or work opportunities.
  • The final migrations: whose actors do not plan to return to their country or city of origin.
  • temporary migrations: where the migration has a defined objective for a certain period of time, such as, for example, student exchanges.
  • legal migrations: refer to those that follow the migration laws defined by the country thus obtaining a legal status.
  • illegal migrations: This category includes those who are defined as illegal migrants. For not having formal or updated documentation of the place to which they migrated.

See also Migration.

Types of literary movements

Types of literary movements

Literary movements are a set of works that share certain literary characteristics that generally cover a particular period.

In this sense, the types of literary movements, also called literary currents, are presented as follows in chronological order:

  • greek literature: 4th century BC to 4th AD
  • Medieval or Middle Ages literature: 5th to 14th century.
  • Renaissance: 15th century to the end of the 16th century.
  • Baroque: XVII century.
  • neoclassicism: century XVIII.
  • Romanticism: 18th to 19th century.
  • Realism: second half of the 19th century.
  • Modernism: late 19th century to early 20th century.
  • avant-garde: twentieth century.
  • contemporary literature: second half of the 20th century to the present.
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See also literary currents.

Types of body movements

Types of body movements

Body movements help us with day-to-day tasks and through planned repetitions we can also improve our physical well-being, which in turn will improve our mental health.

In physical education, the types of body movements, generally joint, are classified into the following types:

  • flexion,
  • extension,
  • abduction or withdrawal,
  • adduction or approach,
  • internal and external rotation,
  • circumduction,
  • supination,
  • pronation and
  • side bending.

See also Physical exercise.

Types of camera movement

Types of camera movement

In audiovisual disciplines such as cinema, for example, the types of camera movement are important to express more accurately or creatively what is intended to be narrated.

Along with shots, there are different types of camera movements that are classified as physical or optical.

Among the types of physical movements we can name:

  • panoramic movements: These include rotational movements of the camera on its own axis, horizontally, vertically, or tiltoblique, circular or 360° and sweep.
  • movements travel: camera varies the position of its axis, moving in three-dimensional space. Among them are the accompaniment, the approach, the distance, the circular, the horizontal, the vertical, the oblique and the traveling zoom.

Optical movements are divided into:

  • movements zoom: include zoom in, zoom out, steady cam and crane.
  • focus movements: we can find those based on distance, arbitrary focus, depth of field movements and perspective manipulation movements.

See also Cinema.