Organic Chemistry Meaning

What is Organic Chemistry:

Organic chemistry studies the chemical reaction, properties and behavior of structures based on carbon molecules and its compounds.

The importance of organic chemistry lies in the molecular knowledge of carbon since it is present in all beings on planet Earth interacting with the environment, such as in the carbon cycle.

See also:

  • Chemical reaction
  • Carbon cycle

The inorganic chemistry or also called mineral chemistry studies bodies that do not contain carbon in their molecules.

See also: Inorganic chemistry.

organic nomenclature

The nomenclature used for organic chemistry today is a system implemented by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) also called as systematic nomenclature.

The organic nomenclature is basically made up of a prefix and a suffix. The prefix determine the number of carbon atoms that exist being the following:

  • 1 carbon: met-
  • 2 carbons: et-
  • 3 carbons: prop-
  • 4 carbons: but-
  • 5 carbons: pent-
  • 6 carbons: hex-
  • 7 carbons: hept-
  • 8 carbons: oct-
  • 9 carbons: non-
  • 10 carbons: dec-

The suffix of organic nomenclature determines the class of organic compound. Hydrocarbons, for example, are organic compounds that only contain carbon and hydrogen in their molecule and depending on the type of hydrocarbon, the suffix will be different:

  • Suffix alkane: -year. Example: methane, propane.
  • Suffix alkenes (double carbon bonds): -ene, -diene, -triene and so on.
  • Suffix alkynes (triple carbon bonds): -yno, -diyno, -triyno and so on.
  • Suffix alkenes and alkynes compounds with carbon double and triple bond: -dwarves. Example: ethene, propene and ethyne. They are also known in common nomenclature as ethylene, propylene and acetylene.
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See also:

  • organic compounds
  • Chemistry.
  • chemical property.