Personal Pronouns

What are personal pronouns?

Personal pronouns are words of a grammatical nature that represent the participants in a discourse, whether they are people, animals or things.

The function of personal pronouns is to substitute the names of entities for grammatical persons. For example: “Mildred brought lunch” she brought lunch “.

In personal pronouns, the first person refers to the sender of the message; the second person refers to the receiver and the third person refers to what is being talked about. For example: “I warned you: he can’t be trusted.”

Two exists types or classes of personal pronouns: stressed personal pronouns and unstressed personal pronouns.

stressed personal pronouns

The stressed personal pronouns are those that can function as a subject, as an attribute or as a prepositional term. They do not need to be accompanied by a verb, so they can be separated with subordinate clauses.

Tonic pronouns depending on the subject or attribute

Singular Plural Examples (subject) Examples (attribute)
First person me we, us

I will go to the party.
We bet on change.

We are responsible.
Second person you, you, you you, you, you You will achieve your goals.
You are very elegant.
You are special.
You were the best.
Third person he, she, it they, they She has arrived early.
Do not worry about it.
They can come.
The problem is them.
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The pronouns “I”, “you” and “you” are common in terms of gender. The rest of the pronouns indicate both conditions: gender (feminine and masculine) and number.

Tonic pronouns as a prepositional term.

Singular Plural examples
First person me, with me we, us

An apple is enough for me.
On the weekend you will go to the park with me.
They look like us.

Second person you, with you, you you, you, you I bought this garment for you.
We have thought of you.
Third person he, she, it, yes, I get they, they He is out of his mind.
He brought his pet with him.

unstressed personal pronouns

Unstressed pronouns are those that fulfill the function of direct or indirect object. They are called unstressed because they lack phonic independence, that is, they require a verb to form a stress unit. They are also called clitics.

According to the way they are constructed, unstressed personal pronouns can be proclitic or enclitic.

The proclitic are those that precede the verb and are written as a separate word, although dependent on it.

The enclitics are those that are integrated at the end of the verb forming a single word. They are used when the verb appears in the infinitive, gerund or imperative.

Singular Plural Examples (prolytics) Examples (enclitics)
First person I us I want to go on a trip. Let’s run away.
Second person tea you, the, the, you What did you think of the film? You can sit down.
Shut up.
Third person it, it, it, it they, they, they, they I suspected it from the beginning. We were looking for them without success.
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See more: Examples of pronouns and Pronouns (what they are).