Plagiarism

We explain what plagiarism is, its consequences and how it can be avoided. In addition, we tell you what intellectual property rights are.

intellectual property plagiarism
Plagiarism is an infraction and a crime that violates the rights of intellectual authorship.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of plagiarizing, that is, of take a fragment of someone else’s artistic or intellectual work (or the entire work) and pass it off as your own, without giving credit at any time to the true author. Plagiarism is an infraction and a crime that violates intellectual authorship rights (moral rights), which is why it is more or less equivalent to theft. Those who practice it are known as plagiarists either plagiarists.

A person commits plagiarism when he copies or imitates something that is not his own and for which he does not have the express authorization of the true author, in such a way that the latter could take legal action or denounce the plagiarist. For example, if a fragment of another is copied in a book, passing it off as original content, or if a movie develops a plot identical to a previous one, or if an invention is essentially the same as another already patented, it can be done in all these cases speak of plagiarism.

Thus, plagiarism is committed when anything that is protected by copyright is copied or appropriated, such as texts, logos, works of art, phrases, shapes, photographs and even translations of other texts. Plagiarism is normally punishable by law and depending on the case, the plagiarist may be forced to suffer penalties, pay compensation or even go to jail.

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What things are considered plagiarism?

In general, plagiarism is considered:

  • Copy, reproduce or take for your own an intellectual or artistic work, or any fragment thereof.
  • Paraphrase in an unacceptable way a text or an idea, without citing its original author.
  • Submit your own work already submitted as if it were new (often referred to as “self-plagiarism”).
  • Copy or reproduce visual or multimedia works without permission from the author or passing them off as their own.
  • Appropriate someone else’s translation of a literary work, since the translation itself is protected by copyright.

Instead, it is not considered plagiarism:

  • Quote or reference appropriately someone else’s work or part of it.
  • Paraphrase other people’s ideas, as long as detail where they come from.
  • submit builds of other people’s documents as part of their own investigation.
  • Translate another’s work written in a foreign language.
  • Employ ideas from public knowledge or that do not belong to any specific author, such as proverbs.

plagiarism in academia

In academic and school settings, plagiarism is one of the biggest possible offenses, given that these are institutions dedicated to cultivating intellect and knowledge in a responsible manner. Those who incur plagiarism in school tasks, academic essays or monographs and theses, they are usually automatically failed and severely punished, for example, with the expulsion from the academy. This is because plagiarizing is, fundamentally, stealing ideas or stealing words.

The citation and paraphrase tools are, in this sense, useful to avoid plagiarism. when writing a research paper or essay of any kind. The citation consists of the verbatim transcription of the original text, enclosed in quotation marks (“ ”) so that the reader knows that this phrase or paragraph does not belong to the researcher; while paraphrasing consists of expressing in their own words what an author said, but letting the reader know that the ideas do not belong to the researcher.

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Intellectual property rights

intellectual property It is a set of legal norms and orders whose purpose is to defend the authorship of ideas and prevent copying and plagiarism.. This includes not only academic or literary (artistic) texts, but also other forms of creative and intellectual work such as music, graphic design, cinematography, fashion design, industrial design and all those ideas that come under the covered by a patent.

The violation of these rights constitutes, therefore, a crime, and can be prosecuted and punished by justice, which normally entails reparatory sanctions and compensation, if not much worse sanctions.

Within these copyrights there are also moral rights, that is, those rights that grant the author exclusive recognition of his work and the right to preserve the integrity of his work, that is, to refuse to allow the work to undergo modifications or give rise to derivative works that contradict or ruin it.

Consequences of plagiarism

The consequences of plagiarism depends, to a large extent, on the environment in which it occurs.. For example, within the academy, discovering plagiarism is sufficient reason to fail a student, and depending on the severity of the case, to expel him.

Finding a minor plagiarism in an essay for a subject is not the same as finding entire paragraphs stolen from another author within a degree thesis. In any case, local academic regulations provide for possible punishments for plagiarism in these situations.

In other, larger cases, a plagiarist may be forced to financially compensate the author (or whoever owns the copyright), which can also have a negative impact on the image and respectability of the plagiarist. In even more serious cases, the plagiarist can go to jail.

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Tools to detect plagiarism

Today there are different pieces of software online that allow you to detect plagiarism through a quick scan. Some of these programs are:

  • net. A digital tool that uses various online search engines (such as Google or Bing) to find the selected text in case it is plagiarism.
  • ArticleChecker. Designed specifically to operate online, this free tool allows you to copy a piece of text and search the Internet to see if a previous proprietary version exists.
  • copyleaks. Inspired by the famous declassified government information platform wikileaks, this portal is capable of catching plagiarism regardless of the language or format of the text. In addition, it has a practical application for smartphones.
  • docode. It is an anti-plagiarism tool that also has the ability to search for and identify translations into the English language.
  • The Plagiarism Checker. A plagiarism detection portal designed by the University of Maryland, which operates based on the Word format, in a simple and practical way.

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References

  • “Plagiarism” on Wikipedia.
  • “Plagiar” in the Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts of the Royal Spanish Academy.
  • “What is plagiarism?” at the University of the Basque Country (Spain).
  • “What is plagiarism?” at the University of Chile.