Pronoun

What is a pronoun?

A pronoun is a type of word that substitutes for a noun or noun in a sentence.

The function of pronouns is to represent any grammatical person being spoken of, including their gender (feminine, masculine, or neuter) and number (singular or plural). This includes people, animals or things.

For example, “Carlos is angry. he talks to the». In the example, the pronoun “he” replaces the name “Carlos”. In this way, it represents the third person of the singular, masculine gender.

Likewise, pronouns also serve to refer to elements that function as antecedents of a topic in the linguistic context. For example, “Ender is very friendly with people. It’s It has made a difference in his life.”

As for its etymology, the word pronoun comes from the Latin pronoun which means ‘in place of the name’ or ‘by the name’.

Pronouns types

Pronouns can be personal; possessives; relative; numerals; quantitative; indefinite; interrogative and exclamatory. Let’s look at each one below.

Personal pronouns

They are the ones that serve to refer to the participants in the discourse. They can refer to the speaker (I), the listener (you, you, you, you, you, -as) or an external subject (he, she, they, they). They are called personal pronouns because they express the grammatical features of person (first, second and third person).

The personal pronouns are:

Number 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Singular Me You
You
You
She
The
Plural Us
We

you guys
You
You

They
They

The pronouns I, you, you, you and you are invariable in gender. The other pronouns are subject to gender variation (we, we, you, you, they, they).

For example,

  • Me I’m Venezuelan.
  • Us We will live together.
  • You you are very talented.
  • doYou could you give me a piece?
  • You you are awesome
  • you guys they can go
  • She He was in class yesterday.
  • The not convinced to buy the car.
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Personal pronouns can also be divided into reflexive pronouns and reciprocal pronouns.

See more: Personal pronouns (first, second and third person).

Reflexives pronouns

Reflexive personal pronouns are those used to indicate that the action falls on the subject itself.

Person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Singular I
my
with me
you (formal)
tea
you
you
with you
it
Yes
I know
with him
Plural us
we
us

your
you
you
you

Yes
they
they
I know

For example,

  • You want lunch with me?
  • Tea I want.
  • Us let’s go on a trip.
  • There are no best friends you.
  • When Antonio goes to mass, I know put on your best outfit.
  • He likes playing soccer so much that he focuses his energies on it.
  • Mary saw before Yes many possibilities.
  • Joseph made amends with him same.

Reciprocal pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are those that imply the reciprocity of actions between two or more subjects, that is, the mutual actions that concern several individuals. These are:

  • Os (form used in Spain)
  • Us
  • I know

One way to confirm that a pronoun is reciprocal is by adding the adverb “mutually.”

For example,

  • Jacinta and me us we swear eternal allegiance (to each other).
  • John and Joseph! You I have already said that they do not scratch the walls.
  • The Perez brothers I know They carry like dogs and cats.

Possessive pronouns

They are those that express the possession of a thing by a noun. They have inflection of gender, number and person.

Number 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Singular Own
mine
yours/yours
yours (formal)
yours (formal)
your
your
yours
hers
Plural mine
mine
yours
yours
yours (formal)
yours (formal)
your
your
his
his
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For example,

  • My heart is yours.
  • the shirts are his.
  • The decision is your.

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns indicate the relationship of proximity between the indicated person and the other participants in the discourse.

Gender Singular Plural
Male this, that, that these those those
Feminine this, that, that these, those, those
Neutral this, that, that

For example,

  • That day I didn’t come, so I missed the game.
  • That woman had something special.
  • It was in that theater where I premiered my first play.

Relative Pronouns

They have several functions. Among them: they point out other people who appeared previously and introduce subordinate clauses. Let’s see what they are in the following table.

Gender Singular Plural
Neutral who who
Feminine which, which, how much, whose which, which, how many, whose
Male which, what, which, which, how much, whose which, which, how many, whose

For example,

  • Jacinta, that she’s always in a hurry, she left without breakfast again.
  • Joseph, who he was the nurse on duty, he saved my life.
  • The canvas had several stains, which they were treated by an art restorer.
  • The That you didn’t know who I was doesn’t excuse your disrespectful behavior.

numeral pronouns

They are the ones that indicate the number of objects represented in the sentence.

cardinals ordinals fractional multiplicatives
one, two, three, etc first, second, third, etc. half, a third, a quarter, etc. double, triple, quadruple, etc.

For example,

  • I like these shirts. Give me twoplease.
  • what happens the first.
  • I wanted to buy a kilo of rice, but I only found medium.
  • I have already lost two kilos with the diet. Next month I hope to lose the double.
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quantitative pronouns

They are those that represent indeterminate varieties of elements. They all vary in number and most vary in gender, with a couple of exceptions. Let’s see the following table.

Gender Singular Plural
Neutral enough, enough enough, enough
Feminine little, much, all few, many, all
Male little, much, all few, many, all

For example,

  • Don’t forget to buy rice. We do not have enough.
  • Gonzalo was hit by the downpour on top. This all wet.
  • I’ve been waiting for a long time, but it’s over little bit.

Indefinite pronouns

They are the ones that point to an imprecise or unknown person or referent for the sender of the message.

Gender Singular Plural
Neutral anyone, whoever any, whoever
Feminine some, none, other, one some, none, others, some
Male some, none, other, one some, none, others, some

For example,

  • You can’t give your trust to any.
  • I always wear the same sweater. It’s time to put on other.
  • I notified the employees of the new schedule, but Some They didn’t read the message on time.

Interrogative and exclamatory pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask something partial about a topic, as long as it refers to its identity or quantity. For their part, exclamatory pronouns are used to emphasize the expressiveness of the statement. They all have a tilde when they are written.

Gender Singular Plural
Neutral what, who, which whose which
Male how many many
Feminine how much how many

For example,

  • Who was that person?
  • doHow many are you going to be late?
  • Wonderful! You passed the course.
  • ¡Who I was so lucky!

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