Sacred Family

What is it and why is it called Sagrada Familia?

Holy Family is known in the Catholic religion to the group of biblical characters composed of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and the Child Jesuswhich are presented as a model of family holiness.

The Holy Family is a model of Christian virtues, not only those outlined in each of the people that make it up (for example, the patience of Mary, the chastity of Joseph or the holiness of Jesus), but also those that emerge from the relationship between the members of the family as the fundamental cell of the Christian community.

sacred Family

Murillo: Holy Family of the little bird. c. 1650. Oil on canvas. 144 x 188cm.

In the New Testament there are various references to familiar moments between the characters such as the birth, the flight to Egypt, the Child Jesus found in the temple, etc. The apocryphal gospels also refer to family scenes that have nourished artistic iconography. For example, the rest of the flight to Egypt and the Holy Family in the workshop of San José.

Feast of the Holy Family in the liturgical calendar

The Catholic Church celebrates the Holy Family annually. It is a mobile party that is always part of the eighth of Christmas, which takes place between December 25 and January 1. If within the octave of Christmas there is a Sunday, the feast of the Holy Family will take place on that day. Otherwise, the party will be set for December 30.

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See also:

  • Holy Trinity.
  • Characteristics of Christianity.

Expiatory Temple La Sagrada Familia

sacred Family

The Holy Family is a catholic basilicaemblematic symbol of the city of Barcelona designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852 – 1926).

This building is dedicated and consecrated to the Sagrada Familia. The official name is Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family or Expiatori Temple of the Holy Family in Catalan.

The Spanish bookseller and philanthropist Jose Maria Bocabella (1815 – 1892), also president of the Holy Brotherhood, bought a piece of land in El Poblet, Barcelona for just over 1,000 euros in order to build a Catholic temple dedicated to the Holy Family.

The temple of La Sagrada Familia began its construction in 1882 with the deacon Francisco del Villar who impregnated a neo-Gothic style architecture. Due to conflicts with Bocabella, Antoni Gaudí was finally called in 1883 to take on the project.

Gaudí worked until his death in the Sagrada Familia for 43 years and was buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia temple, in the chapel of the Virgen del Carmen together with José María Bocabella.

The Sagrada Familia will be the tallest church in the world with a total of 170 meters high when the work is complete. The Church is estimated to be completed in 2026.

The construction of the temple has been, and hopes to continue to be, financed exclusively by private donations and by the collection of entrance fees to the temple and receives more than 3 million visits each year.

The Sagrada Familia stands out for a advanced structural engineering that uses geometry so that structures stand ‘naturally’. He mainly used 3 types of architectural forms:

  • helicoids: Used especially the spiral shape of the stairs common in the snails. Also called as ‘curved spatiality cycles’.
  • hyperboloids: Refers to the rotation of hyperbolas about one of their axes of symmetry. For example in the Basilica of Brasilia.
  • hyperbolic paraboloids.
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See also Family.