We explain what sport is, its history and the types that exist. Also, what are its general characteristics, examples and more.

Sport is an activity that requires training and concentration.

What is sport?

We call sport to certain types of regulated competitive activities, whose practice stimulates the physical, mental and social capacities of the person who performs them. They are distinguished from the game, in this sense, by requiring training, concentration and a certain range of skills, and by being considered a discipline that transcends the merely recreational.

Sports They are an important part of contemporary life., both in its practice and in its dissemination and commercialization as a show. Therefore, the professional practice of sports is usually monitored and regulated by various public and private institutions, although there are also unofficial sports variants that are popularly practiced.

Those who are dedicated to one or more sports are known as athletes.

sport history

sports - Olympics
The Greek Olympics were held in honor of the gods of Olympus.

As a recreational and spectacle practice, sport It has been around since the dawn of civilization.

It is known of practices and ancient competitions in which talent was demonstratedthe physical strength or agility of men before kings or in homage to their gods.

The best known of all are perhaps the ancient greek olympics: a series of parties in honor of the gods of Olympus (hence its name). They were held every four years and brought together the Greek people in peace (the olympic peace) while their great warriors competed in different disciplines.

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Sport types

Synchronized swimming takes place in controlled environment pools.

Sports can be classified in many ways, since they are very numerous and varied. The best thing, in that sense, is to group them into specific categories, such as:

  • Watersports. Those that are carried out in bodies of water, generally controlled environment pools. For example: water polo, synchronized swimming, swimming, apnea.
  • Team sports. Those that require the organization of a team of several people, with assigned positions and more or less strict roles, to be able to play. For example: choreographic dance, boating.
  • Motor sports. Those that require the use of some type of motorized vehicle, on land, water or air. For example: motocross, motor racing, karting.
  • Table sports. Those that must be played on a table or a duly prepared static surface. For example: billiards, ping-pong, pool.
  • Extreme sports. Those in which the athlete submits to situations of physical risk and is in danger. Like mountaineering, skydiving, surfing and bungee jumping.
  • Ball sports. Those who use various types of balls, balls or balls to play. For example: tennis, soccer, basketball, rugby, baseball.
  • Mental sports. Those in which the mind and not the body make the effort. For example: chess, checkers, Go and Bridge.

Another possible division distinguishes between summer sports (those that are carried out outdoors without problems) and winter (those that incorporate ice, snow or other activities typical of winter climates).

Professional sportsmen

sport - soccer
Professional athletes attend national or international tournaments.

Everyone can practice sports, but those who they do it full time, and those who do it recreationally, sporadically. The latter are considered amateur or practitioner athletes, while the former are professional athletes or sports professionals.

This means that professional athletes they live to compete in their chosen discipline: they attend championships, are part of local, national or regional official teams, and even attend the Olympic Games on behalf of their country. In exchange, they receive a payment, since sport is their trade and their work.

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Sports training

sports practice It is part of what is called physical education: the training and formation of the human body through sport, to strengthen its capacities, tone its muscles and exercise it in the battles of balance, agility and resistance.

This is part of the usual content of our schools and high schools. Many people do not continue training afterward, or do some sport more or less eventually, with their friends. Professional athletes, on the other hand, continue to exercise in their chosen sport, or are best at it, throughout their lives.

benefits of sport

Playing sports improves flexibility and strengthens joints.

The frequent practice of sports gives us the following benefits:

  • Improves physical endurance and dexterity, coordination and strength.
  • Regulates blood pressure levels by strengthening the heart muscle and burning accumulated lipids.
  • Regulates the metabolism of sugars preventing insulin resistance.
  • Improves flexibility and strengthens joints.
  • Helps maintain body weight.
  • Strengthen teamwork depending on the sport, and build ties of camaraderie.

sports risks

At the same time, all sports practice entails certain risks:

  • physical injuries. Like tears, strains, fractures and sprains.
  • Wears out the joints. If a previous heating is not carried out.
  • Accidental death risks. In the case of motorized, aquatic or extreme sports.
  • Promotes competitiveness. Which in certain personalities can be harmful.

olympic sports

sports olympics
The Olympics are held every four years, including 33 different sports.

The tradition of the ancient Olympics was resumed in the 19th century, thanks to the efforts of the Baron de Coubertin, the Frenchman Pierre Frèdy, who founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894. The first modern Olympics were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896., and since then they have been held every 4 years. They have only been interrupted due to the two World Wars of the 20th century.

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Olympic sports, that is, those practiced on these occasions, are classified based on their practice at the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics, which are held alternately 2 years apart. Nearly 13,000 athletes come together in these events, in 33 different sports disciplines.

importance of sport

The sport is a way to drain and channel the competitive impulses of the human being, in a more constructive and positive way than confrontations or wars. On many occasions he manages to form and strengthen links between athletes, instead of irreconcilable enmities.

Perhaps that is why sports play such an important place in our society, being broadcast by the media and organizing the fans around the support of their favorite teams.

sport as spectacle

Today sports unite the masses thanks to the media.

Since ancient times, sports have attracted the attention of the public and they were a meeting place for the masses, who were going to see their favorite athletes compete, and even bet on them. In present times this dynamic is sustained thanks to the media.

Events of the caliber of the soccer world cups or the main international sports leagues, enjoy massive transmissions. In addition, they mobilize huge sums of money, large numbers of people and represent projects of planetary magnitude.

Examples of sports

Some examples of sports are handball, soccer, tennis, table tennis, polo, horse riding, cyclingpediment, badminton, rugby, ultimate (frisbee), rhythmic gymnastics, swimming, weight lifting, javelin throw, target shooting, basketball, baseball, marathon, running, motor racing, windsurfing, surfing, volleyball, golf, etc.


  • “Sport” on Wikipedia.
  • “The sport. Definition and characteristics” in Universo Futsal.
  • “Concept, characteristics, orientations and classifications of current sport” at efdeportes.com.
  • “History of Sport” at Wikiversity.
  • “Sports” in The Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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